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$126.00 list($150.00)
1. Armenia : A Historical Atlas
$16.98 $4.60 list($26.95)
2. The Burning Tigris: The Armenian
$44.95 $19.50
3. The Banality of Denial: Israel
4. Right to Struggle: Selected Writings
$19.95 $19.35
5. Survivors: An Oral History of
$19.00 $18.95
6. Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan
$110.00 $94.99
7. Rewriting Caucasian History: The
$16.00 $5.99
8. Passage to Ararat (Hungry Mind
$39.00 $38.58
9. Revolution and Genocide : On the
$39.95 $38.27
10. Unsilencing the Past: Track two
11. A Concise History of the Armenian
$36.00 list($45.00)
12. America and the Armenian Genocide
13. The Historical Monuments of Nakhichevan
14. The Banality of Indifference:
$15.72 $13.98 list($24.95)
15. Starving Armenians: America and
$65.00 $33.99
16. The Republic of Armenia: From
$10.10 list($24.95)
17. A Crime of Vengeance: An Armenian
$27.95 list($20.00)
18. An Armenian Doctor in Turkey:
19. The History of the Armenian Genocide:
20. The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism,

1. Armenia : A Historical Atlas
by Robert H. Hewsen
list price: $150.00
our price: $126.00
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0226332284
Catlog: Book (1900-05-01)
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Sales Rank: 417914
Average Customer Review: 5 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

From its conversion to Christianity to the Genocide during World War I, from the Soviet occupation to its recent independence, Armenia has seen a long and often turbulent history. In the magnificent Armenia: A Historical Atlas, Robert H. Hewsen traces Armenia's rich past from ancient times to the present day through more than two hundred full-color maps packed with information about physical geography, demography, and sociopolitical, religious, cultural, and linguistic history.

Hewsen has divided the maps into five sections, each of which begins with a chronology of important dates and a historical introduction to the period. Specialized maps include Ptolemy's second-century map of Armenia, as well as maps of Roman, Cilician, Ottoman, tsarist, and Soviet Armenia. Other maps show the Persian khanate of Erevan, the Caucasian campaigns of World War I, the Armenian Genocide, the Armenian monuments in Turkey and Transcaucasia, the worldwide diaspora, ground plans of selected cities, and plans of the great monastery of Echmiadzin in 1660, 1890, and 1990. The atlas concludes with maps portraying the Karabagh war and the new Armenian Republic, and an extensive bibliography compiles references to the vast historical, ethnological, and travel literature on the region.

The first comprehensive and authoritative atlas of any of the former Soviet republics, this book does not treat Armenia in isolation, but instead sets it within the context of Caucasia as a whole, providing detailed information on neighboring regions such as Georgia and Azerbaijan. Armenia: A Historical Atlas will be an essential reference and an important teaching tool for generations to come.

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Reviews (3)

5-0 out of 5 stars Invaluable historical atlas; couldn't be better
This is an amazing atlas presenting in-depth covering of the long and turbulent history of Armenia. There are numerous publications on Armenian history, but they either contain plain maps, or plan text. This one not only presents an enormous number of extremely valuable and rare historical maps covering about three thousand years' history, but also presents in a very reader-friendly style unbiased historical facts associated with every single map. More than that, it presents invaluable statistical information, such as the population by regions. It also presents very intriguing architectural data. One of invaluable features of the book is the coverage of the Armenian genocide and the first republic.
This is more than a book - it is a great treasure that anyone interested in history in general and Armenian history in particular MUST have.

5-0 out of 5 stars An outstanding accomplishment!
I cannot imagine a more comprehensive effort on telling -and mapping- the history of a people. This atlas is a delight to go to once and again. It contains a treasury of well-explained and well-presented historical facts on the Armenian nation, whose boundaries have suffered so many changes throughout the ages.
The steep but well justified. My only comment would be that,if you are interested in a superficial or introductory work, you are paying here for more than you need. If, however, you want to go deep, this atlas is a must. In addition to the maps, the text is very rich and I can't think of any item of information on the Armenian people that would not be covered here.

5-0 out of 5 stars IT's BIG, I'll give it that.
Mr. Hewson's book requires a large coffee table with sturdy legs. Well worth the price, it will fascinate all ethnicities by its girth. The painstakingly rendered maps are only part of the magic. The accompanying research of each period of the history of this Region, (which encompasses more than just the Armenian culture) incorporates many sources to deliver a volume that is at once simple enough for the novice researcher and involved enough for those already familiar with the subject matter. ... Read more

2. The Burning Tigris: The Armenian Genocide and America's Response
by Peter Balakian
list price: $26.95
our price: $16.98
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Asin: 0060198400
Catlog: Book (2003-10-01)
Publisher: HarperCollins
Sales Rank: 12816
Average Customer Review: 3.94 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

In this groundbreaking history of the Armenian Genocide, the critically acclaimed author of the memoir Black Dog of Fate brings us a riveting narrative of the massacres of the Armenians in the 1890s and genocide in 1915 at the hands of the Ottoman Turks. Using rarely seen archival documents and remarkable first-person accounts, Peter Balakian presents the chilling history of how the Young Turk government implemented the first modern genocide behind the cover of World War I. And in the telling, he also resurrects an extraordinary lost chapter of American history.

During the United States' ascension in the global arena at the turn of the twentieth century, America's humanitarian movement for Armenia was an important part of the rising nation's first epoch of internationalism. Intellectuals, politicians, diplomats, religious leaders, and ordinary citizens came together to try to save the Armenians. The Burning Tigris reconstructs this landmark American cause that was spearheaded by the passionate commitments and commentaries of a remarkable cast of public figures, including Julia Ward Howe, Clara Barton, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Ambassador Henry Morgenthau, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Alice Stone Blackwell, Stephen Crane, and Ezra Pound, as well as courageous missionaries, diplomats, and relief workers who recorded their eyewitness accounts and often risked their lives in the killing fields of Armenia.

The crisis of the "starving Armenians" was so embedded in American popular culture that, in an age when a loaf of bread cost a nickel, the American people sent more than $100 million in aid through the American Committee on Armenian Atrocities and its successor, Near East Relief. In 1915 alone, the New York Times published 145 articles about the Armenian Genocide.

Theodore Roosevelt called the extermination of the Armenians "the greatest crime of the war." But in the turmoil following World War I, it was a crime that went largely unpunished. In depicting the 1919 Ottoman court-martial trials, Balakian reveals the perpetrators of the Armenian Genocide confessing their guilt -- an astonishing fact given the Turkish government's continued denial of the Genocide.

After World War I, U.S. oil interests in the Middle East steered America away from the course it had pursued for four decades. As Balakian eloquently points out, America's struggle between human rights and national self-interest -- a pattern that would be repeated again and again -- resonates powerfully today. In crucial ways, America's involvement with the Armenian Genocide is a paradigm for the modern age.

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Reviews (64)

5-0 out of 5 stars Armenian Holocaust
The wholesale massacre of Armenians by the Turks in the late 18th and early 19th century was something about which I was vaguely aware, but had no specific information to read. This well-written book fills in the gaps in my knowledge very well, even though it is more oriented toward the reaction of Americans and their government to what happened. This was pure out and out genocide, and the world stood by and did absolutely nothing. Granted, the world was a larger place back then, but big power politics played a great part in the reluctance of many governments to interfere in this slaughter. The book is not only a harsh indictment of the Turkish government, but also of those other governments that stood by and did nothing. They are, in some measure, as culpable as the actual perpetrators of the crimes. We see in this first genocide the seeds of the Nazi elimination of the Jews of Europe, and we are horrified. This is a powerful book, and everyonme interested in this period of history should read it.

4-0 out of 5 stars Timely
Burning Tigris is a timely addition to the literature on the Armenian holocaust. It has clarified many questions I have had as the granddaughter of an Armenian immigrant who lost his family, his home and his friends in the l915 slaughter.

I was eager to read this historical account after reading Mr. Balakian's memoir, Black Dog of Fate, which was poetic, simple, haunting. Unfortunately, Burning Tigris is not as compelling as the memoir partly because is poorly edited -- it is redundant in parts and frequently rambles between time periods without apparent purpose. The book needed more concise and clear articulation of its theses. It might have also benefited by emphasizing that the Armenian genocide was perpetrated by deranged and fascist leaders and not Turkish Muslims generally, who for the most part lived peacefully with Armenians for many, many years.

Notwithstanding its technical flaws, this book is an essential volume for the libraries of history students and all Armenian Americans. It also provides a moral backdrop for our consideration of the wars in the middle east, the genocide taking place in the Sudan and the diplomatic commitment we will need to promote understanding between the world's diverse cultures, religions and political regimes.

5-0 out of 5 stars "This, then, is G_d murder..."-Franz Werfel
"Never...had the Agha Rifaat Bereket seen such faces...Nearly all these children had swollen heads, on the thinnest necks, and their huge staring eyes had a knowledge in them forbidden the children of humankind...The most horrible thing...was not that a whole people had been exterminated, but that a whole people, G-d's children, had been dehumanized. The sword of Enver...had struck Allah...And whoso degrades His dignity in the creature, degrades the Creator in his victim.

This, then, is G_d murder, the sin which, to the end of time, is never forgiven."

The Forty Days of Musa Dagh by Franz Werfel

The Burning Tigris is an excellent book, a must read, an authentic gem, no falsehood found within. There are so many important facts in The Burning Tigris; this book is probably Balakian's crowning achievement. I would give this book 10 x 10 x 10 stars, 5 is too few! All americans must read this book.

For those who do not want to believe that the massacres and "government-sponsored genocide" happened, I believe there are many proofs to the contrary found within Balakian's book. For, it was after the massacres of the early 1890's that the world began to witness the beginnings of human rights awareness from the steps of Faneuil Hall in Downtown Boston. Among the first public speakers on the issue, was Clara Barton, founder of America's Red Cross. The predicament of the Armenians propelled the Red Cross overseas for the first time in U.S. history. And that is just the start of this historical book. If you still have doubts, come to Watertown, Massachusetts where there is an entire library devoted to all things Armenian. I'm not Armenian myself, but have met some truly genuine Armenian people in my neighborhood and 'foster' state.

I absolutely adore Teddy Roosevelt and Henry Morgenthau after reading this book. Roosevelt criticized his own country and President Wilson for not declaring war on the Ottoman empire during WWI and disclosed that missionaries working there had over 100 million dollars worth of real estate holdings threatened, revealing the darker side of missionary work overseas. Ambassador Morgenthau time after time met with various Turkish administrators on behalf of lives and property in the hands of the turkish authorities. Talaat Pasha once asked him for the life insurance policies of all the Armenians who had died claiming that the state would now own them all!!! Ambassador Morgenthau refused him furiously knowing full well how Talaat's Turkish government had violently disposed of hundreds of thousands of precious human lives, not only Armenian.

Terrorism and tragedies are indeed worldwide, yet I do maintain that studying the Armenian experiences within this past century and a half, is instructive in so many ways. (Armenia was the first Christian nation to declare Christianity their official religion; I was taught in school that Rome was the first nation to do so, obviously this is incorrect). Balakian has chosen for this book to show how America responded to their crises starting from the massacres in the 1890's until the present time. In the aftermath of the genocide of WWI, international efforts were directed at trying to punish the perpetrators of the horrific crimes committed resulting only in a Turkish courts-martial, with many of the criminals later on the loose again. Finally, in the past decades, sadly, many prominent politicians worldwide have been lured by petrol dollars, threatened by the perpetrators to deny that the genocide ever happened, while so many thousands upon thousands of other peoples living in Islamic countries are denied justice today still...

5-0 out of 5 stars The loving heart of a grandmother.
May God Bless you forever Professor Peter Balakian. Thank you for telling our family's story, and thank you for your open sorrowful heart and your honest elegant pen.

5-0 out of 5 stars Flat out brilliant
This book does an excellent job of chronicalling the events leading up to the Armenian Genocide and the public outcry in the United States at that time. I am touched to hear that the people in America cared so deeply about the Armenians during this period.

I am an Armenian American, and my family was in Turkey during the Genocide. I am alive today only because a few merciful Turks offered my ancestors shelter and a way out of the country. They witnessed the deportation of Armenians from Western Turkey, and those people weren't exactly being taken to Club Med. They were starved, beaten, raped, and murdered.

I don't see how anyone can possibly deny the Genocide when there are millions of Armenians out there with stories just like mine that confirm the Genocide over and over again (most of the stories are naturally much more tragic than mine).

I'm getting quite sick of hearing Genocide deniers use the usual "let historians worry about history" line. Nothing is up for debate here. The occurence of the Genocide is not negotiable or up for review. It is a fact, and a fact that has been confirmed by the family stories of the millions of Armenians out there today. Even the Kurds (who assisted in killing Armenians at the time) admitted to it. The Greeks (amongst others) have also had their fair shares of massacres at the hands of the Ottomans.

But, of course, if you think that this is all just a gigantic conspiracy made up by Armenians, go ahead and pick up this book. There certainly isn't a shortage of evidence in it. ... Read more

3. The Banality of Denial: Israel and the Armenian Genocide
by Yair Auron, Transaction Publishers
list price: $44.95
our price: $44.95
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Asin: 0765801914
Catlog: Book (2003-05-01)
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Sales Rank: 786515
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4. Right to Struggle: Selected Writings of Monte Melkonian on the Armenian National Question
list price: $20.00
our price: $20.00
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0964156911
Catlog: Book (1993-11-01)
Publisher: Sardarabad Pr
Sales Rank: 430883
Average Customer Review: 4.75 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

The Right to Struggle is a selection of writings on the Armenian national question.The selections, all written between the years 1981 and 1991, were authored, either in whole or in part, by Armenian national hero, Monte Melkonian.Selections include discussions of organizational questions and strategies, interpretations of Armenian history, and observations about the Armenian diaspora.The final chapter consists of three short selections about the conflict in Mountainous Karabagh. ... Read more

Reviews (4)

5-0 out of 5 stars Excellent!!!!
Without a doubt, this is a great book. Monte Melkonian was a true genius, a true patriot and a champion of the underdog. Most literature written about the Karabagh conflict doesn't really get to the heart of the problems, mainly the ant-Armenian sentiment that runs through Azerbaijan and is promoted by their government. This book really sets the record straight!

5-0 out of 5 stars Monte a genious
These writings are very important for any study of either the Armenian 'question' or any analysis of ASALA and its true motives.

5-0 out of 5 stars Philosophical (must read!)
Go in the mind of a leader and on what this wise man was thinking about as he fought the enemies. Highly intensive and interesting.

4-0 out of 5 stars well, if you're interested
if you're at all interested in ASALA or Karabagh, this is an interesting read. I would suggest compative readings, as to get a less slanted view on things. ... Read more

5. Survivors: An Oral History of the Armenian Genocide
by Donald E. Miller, Lorna Touryan Miller
list price: $19.95
our price: $19.95
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Asin: 0520219562
Catlog: Book (1999-02-01)
Publisher: University of California Press
Sales Rank: 323927
Average Customer Review: 4.36 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

Between 1915 and 1923, over one million Armenians died, victims of a genocidal campaign that is still denied by the Turkish government. Thousands of other Armenians suffered torture, brutality, deportation-yet their story has received scant attention. Through interviews with a hundred elderly Armenians, Donald and Lorna Miller give the "forgotten genocide" the hearing it deserves. Survivors raises important issues about genocide and about how people cope with traumatic experience. Much here is wrenchingly painful, yet it also speaks to the strength of the human spirit. ... Read more

Reviews (14)

5-0 out of 5 stars A must read book for anyone of Armenian descent.
This book by the Miller's is truly a masterpiece that captures what many Armenians feel deep within their hearts. The accounts from the survivors are truly disturbing and make any Armenian truly proud to have surivived such atrocities. This book serves as a testament to the 1.5 million Armenians killed between 1915 and 1923. I can say this much... I and my family will never forget!

5-0 out of 5 stars A Must Read
This book is an amazing compilation of first-hand accounts of the Armenian Genocide and other sources. The survivors interviewed, scattered all over and with such different paths all tell the same powerful events in which an innocent nation, an innocent minority, is led by the Ottoman Turkish government to its death. The poor, destitute survivors, many orphans, scattered around the world to this day, must live with their nightmares and the continued denial of the Turkish government. Well for all the millions the Turkish government has spent denying that the genocide ever happened, they can NEVER explain away the coinciding stories, the absolute truth of these 100 survivors. Thank you to the authors for bring this to us!

1-0 out of 5 stars Armenian Propaganda Is Sickening
This is another sad attempt at degrading the Turkish Race in general and labeling this incident as "genocide" is ridiculous. During WWI Armenians killed Turks and Turks killed Armenians. No Turk denies killing Armenians but since Armenians have not distinguished themselves on the world arena so they need to gain recoqnition by creating a false inflated propaganda in which the so-called big, bad Turks "murdered" the innocent,peaceful, Armenians. The ignoramuses of the world have unfortunately embraced this false theory. I feel sorry for the people who look past facts and label Turks as murderers. After nearly a century Armenians have not made any attempts at healing the wounds between themselves and Turks. Even Jews and Germans have improved relations and Turks didnt even murder 6 million like the Germans did in WWII. Why cant Armenians get over their hate. They cannot because they're hateful, paranoid people. Who is more at fault? Turks? Or the Hateful decide. the way i'd give this trash zero stars if I could but 1 star was the lowest I could rate it at.

5-0 out of 5 stars very good book
This book is excellent.I feel very sorry for the people
of Turkish origin who claim that this never happened
or that this was the result of "Armenian terrorism"(??!!).
At least the people of Germany have done their self-criticism...

5-0 out of 5 stars Couldn't Put It Down
When I began reading the book and finally decided to take a break, I realized I had read half of it. Compelling stories of Armenians who suffered at the hands of the ruthless Turks in the Genocide of 1915 which is scandalously denied till today.

A great educational resource for teachers!!! ... Read more

6. Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War
by Thomas De Waal
list price: $19.00
our price: $19.00
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0814719457
Catlog: Book (2004-11-30)
Publisher: New York University Press
Sales Rank: 308545
Average Customer Review: 3.8 out of 5 stars
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Book Description


"This book is a major milestone in the Western scholarship on Karabakh."
Armenian Freedom Network

"Some of the most illuminating - and alarming - reading in de Waal's book includes the battle of historians and writers on both sides. They fire polemical missiles at each other through bscure history and literary journals, denigrating and, in some cases, obliterating the history and identity of the other side."

"Only rarely does a university press publish such a gripping, poignant book as this. . . . This is an impressive work of careful scholarship and vivid writing."

"Admirable, rigorous. De Waal [is] a wise and patient reporter."
The New York Review

Black Garden is the definitive study of how Armenia and Azerbaijan, two southern Soviet republics, got sucked into a conflict that helped bring them to independence, bringing to an end the Soviet Union, and plaguing a region of great strategic importance. It cuts between a careful reconstruction of the history of Nagorny Karabakh conflict since 1988 and on-the-spot reporting on its convoluted aftermath.

Part contemporary history, part travel book, part political analysis, the book is based on six months traveling through the south Caucasus, more than 120 original interviews in the region, Moscow, and Washington, and unique primary sources, such as Politburo archives.

The historical chapters trace how the conflict lay unresolved in the Soviet era; how Armenian and Azerbaijani leaders exacerbated it; how the Politiboro failed to cope with the crisis; how the war began and ended; how the international community failed to sort out the conflict.

What emerges is a complex and subtle portrait of a beautiful and fascinating region, blighted by historical prejudice and conflict.

... Read more

Reviews (5)

4-0 out of 5 stars Book by Tom de Waal (Reviewed in April 2003)
The book is a major milestone in the Western scholarship on Karabakh. It is probably the only serious work that attempts to take a balanced view of the conflict, and it mostly succeeds, occasionally at the expense of accuracy. The book's strength is in the many dozens of interviews de Waal conducted on both sides of the conflict line with politicians, military commanders and regular people affected by the war and its aftermath. He may also be the first to research Politburo archives from the 1980s that have just recently become available. It must have been hard work but it paid off, producing probably the most complete Western narrative of the Karabakh conflict that casts aside many of the popular conspiracies about the conflict and highlights the largely spontaneous nature of history in the Caucasus. De Waal's is also a very readable book and does not merely regurgitate the chronology of events.

In his study of the conflict, De Waal reaches two key conclusions:

- The Karabakh conflict was not engineered by Moscow (as is still widely believed). It started on the ground between Armenians and Azeris, and Soviet leadership tried but failed to contain it. Conflict became possible though in part because USSR conserved nationalism in the republics. On top of mutual acrimony dating to early 20th century and before, Armenia and Azerbaijan remained competitors throughout Soviet history and tensions over Karabakh flared even under Stalin. Both sides had grievances, felt insecure and turned to arms and aggression in what they both saw as self-defense.

- While the Armenian-Azerbaijani war had been nasty and brutal, the conflict can be resolved through confidence building measures, including economic cooperation. One such step could be the opening of Baku-Nakhichevan-Yerevan railway that would benefit both sides. While de Waal keeps his distance and leaves the details of a settlement for the parties to work out, one element of the solution is clear: Nagorno Karabakh cannot be subordinated to Azerbaijan. Heydar Aliyev, the strongman of Azerbaijan now fading from its political scene, appears to have understood this as well, but stumbled in the effort to bring peace to his people.

De Waal's other achievement is identification and dismissal of several erroneous but commonly cited beliefs about the Karabakh war, promoted by Azerbaijan and frequently adopted by mainstream reporters and even some foreign governments.

In the Appendix to the book, he discusses some of them. Azerbaijan claims that 20 percent of its territory is under occupation. De Waal finds, independently of earlier research (see for example, that in reality less than 14 percent of Soviet Azerbaijani territory is under Armenian control. Of the 14 percent, 5 percent is the territory of Nagorno Karabakh proper and cannot be considered under "occupation." Another Azerbaijani claim is that the war displaced over 1 million Azeris. In reality, around 700,000 Azerbaijanis and over 400,000 Armenians were displaced as a direct result of the conflict.

De Waal also addresses Azerbaijan's official effort to rewrite history of Karabakh and entire Armenia. (An Israeli journalist Yo'av Karny was probably the first Western journalist to discuss this problem in his book "The Highlanders" published in 2000.) The Azerbaijani historiography purports that all of present-day Armenia, including Karabakh, is a "historically Azerbaijani territory" and its Christian monuments belonged to the Caucasian Albanian culture. In reality, the Albanian culture was largely absorbed by Armenians centuries before first Turkic descendants of Azerbaijanis arrived in the Caucasus.

Finally, Azerbaijanis insist that the Armenian victory in the war was a result of Russian assistance. In reality, Russia alternatively helped and put pressure on both sides and de Waal carefully documents that. But Armenians appeared to have greater will to defend their homes and did a better job organizing and harnessing their resources.

With the many successes, the book does have inaccuracies and omissions. In an apparent effort to seek balance in terms of violence done to both sides, de Waal relies heavily on Baku researcher Arif Yunusov for figures on anti-Azeri violence in Armenia and the so-called "Kapan incidents," to juxtapose them to well-documented anti-Armenian pogroms in Sumgait and Baku. In the late 1980s, Yunusov was charged by the Azerbaijani Communist Party leadership with creating a revisionist narrative justifying the anti-Armenian violence in Azerbaijan. Some of Yunusov's contradictory claims were investigated and proven fraudulent already at that time. But de Waal appears to be blindly endorsing Yunusov's insinuations.

De Waal also overlooks the threats made by Soviet Azeri officials that preceded the anti-Armenian violence in Azerbaijan which suggests their organized or officially instigated nature. Another aspect of the early stages of the conflict is the alleged role played by Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijan's Soviet-era leader who was forced to retire from the Politburo in 1987. Aliyev's allies are believed to have instigated some of the worst anti-Armenian violence and subsequently led the Azeri nationalist movement.

De Waal also gives only a passing reference to Azerbaijani efforts to internationalize the war by bringing in a motley crew of Afghan, Chechen, Russian and Turkish mercenaries to join the war, most Azerbaijanis themselves were unwilling to fight.

Speaking on his U.S. book tour earlier this year, de Waal agreed that a resumption of war, as often threatened by Azerbaijani officials, would be devastating. To gain even a few kilometers, thousands of Azerbaijani youths would have to die, he said, but the "factor of stupidity" cannot be ruled out. De Waal urged a renewed push for negotiations, although he conceded that the current environment is not conducive to resolution. In the absence of such an environment, the current peace, which de Waal argues is "bad," may be the best possible arrangement for both parties today.

1-0 out of 5 stars Forced Juxtaposition in the Black Garden
Black Garden attempts to objectively analyze and chronicle events before, during, and after the war between Armenia and the Armenians of Nagorno-Karabakh on one side, and Azerbaijan, on the other. The conflict was the most severe eruption of ethnic violence during the last days of the Soviet Union. This
truggle of self-determination versus territorial integrity temporarily concluded with a truce in May of 1994.

This book is based on a preponderance of data, much of which, unfortunately, is incomplete. De Waal assumes that no comprehensive non-partisan archive or compilation of events exists, which is why he felt this book was necessary. He uses the forced juxtaposition of seemingly related events to present the illusion of neutrality and moral equivalence. With information not readily available, a generally well-informed reader is lead down a path of comfort in the assumption that someone else has provided facts and analysis. As a result, this book has already beguiled many, as demonstrated by their reviews. De Waal forces a side-to-side comparison of seemingly equivalent events, including war crimes, in the name of "two-sides to any issue". This is a technique employed when one is not willing to take sides, or when further, in-depth research will lead to an inevitable hard conclusion. When events clearly don't lend themselves to such manipulation, de Waal does an admirable job. This is evident in his treatment of facts such as Azerbaijanis cashing in personal items, enhancing Azerbaijan's ability to purchase arms above those agreed to internationally (page 198), and the role of the Russian forces on both sides of this conflict.

The author asks the reader to evaluate his book as a whole with a neutral viewpoint; however, his conclusions are far from neutral. His widespread use of forced juxtaposition is compelling enough to label de Waal partisan. De Waal requires parity for the February 1988 anti-Armenian pogroms in Sumgait,
Azerbaijan. Upon failing to find any organized pogroms of Azerbaijanis in Armenia, he turns to anti-German violence in East London in 1915, after the sinking of the Lusitania (page 44) as a contrasting event. Once again, further research has shown that in the weeks prior to the Sumgait pogroms, Azerbaijani officials in Sumgait distributed addresses of Armenians to local henchmen. This clearly qualifies these acts as premeditated murder with the connivance of local authorities. The Sumgait events can be evaluated on their own merits. Had he done so, de Waal would be required to actually reach a

De Waal compares the circa 1990 desecration of the Armenian cathedral in Baku by the Azerbaijanis with the subsequent destruction, by Armenians, of a small, unused mosque in Yerevan (pages 79-80). In parallel, this inappropriate comparison is obfuscated by de Waal's discounting Armenia's reconstruction of
Yerevan's Blue Mosque. Having seen both mosques, it is clear that further research would have lead de Waal to either dumping this topic, or reaching the conclusion that his choice of parity in desecration is not appropriate. When de Waal's research on the Azerbaijani historian Ziya Bunyatov concludes that his writing is inflammatory, he chooses to compare this Director of the Oriental Institute of the Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences and Azerbaijani national hero of the time to a Glasnost-era Armenian journalist Zori Balayan - pointing out they have the same initials. Further investigation would have shown that in the years preceding the conflict, Bunyatov's translation of a number of original texts about the region had systematically removed the noun "Armenian" from the translation, or simply omitted entire sections. Also, De Waal cannot seem to find comparable figure anywhere in dynastic Azerbaijan to equate with the warlord like figure of Samvel Babayan in Nagorno-Karabakh, so he finds the Chechen Samil Basaev - again, two people with the same initials.

Forced juxtaposition is used in the Black Garden various ways depending upon the caliber of the event. If the event is relatively innocuous, parity is presented on the same page or even in the same paragraph. At other times the comparison spans pages or chapters. This is very evident when de Waal characterizes the Turkish genocide of the Armenians as a unilateral Armenian claim (page 75, confirmed in note 5), thus denying it from having any role or basis for actions associated with national survival or self-determination of the Armenians. He contrasts this with an unsubstantiated Azerbaijani genocide counter-claim of 2.5 million people by Armenians over the span of 200 years. This is an interesting technique both; in not taking a position on genocide, and in forcing equivalence with an invalid Azerbaijani claim. Ignoring facts and giving the reader the illusion of neutrality generates a skewed perception of reality. At the end, de Waal takes the unfortunate position that international recognition of the genocide of the Armenians discourages peace (page 277). This clearly partisan stance is finally stated some 200 pages after the issue of the genocide was first introduced.

The process of forced correlation reaches a wasteful level with the entire tenth chapter, which is dedicated to contradictory historical claims, between Azerbaijani and Armenian historians, regarding Caucasian Albanians (no relation to Balkan Albanians), the pre-Islamic inhabitants of areas immediately east of Armenia. De Waal dedicates 13 pages to finally establish that this topic was a non-issue, concluding that it took a New Jersey-based professor to confirm that the Azerbaijani claims are groundless.

De Waal would be much more credible by actually giving the events chronicled the required level of analysis. He heavily implies that the mutilation of the dead or dying is something contemporary Armenians and Azerbaijanis learned from the Armenian guerilla leader Antranik in 1918 (pages 168-169). De Waal's precluded research on the Turkish genocide of the Armenians shows that it was common for the Turkish murderers of Armenian women to cut off their nipples, dead or alive - those with more carried bragging rights. Dehumanizing one's perceived enemy this way has its origins deep in human history, and is not a twentieth century Armenian, Turkish, or Azerbaijani invention.

Avoiding evaluation of events, ideologies, etc., on their own merits assumes there is no right or wrong, only a continuum of events in human relations. The practice of forced parity serves those who are unwilling by choice or unable by circumstance to engage in an in-depth analysis of events. This method allows one not to take a position on the Nazi Holocaust of European Jews by equating it with claims that more Germans died than did Jews during the same general period. Such claims may be true in isolation, but cannot be juxtaposed, nor are they equivalent.

De Waal's utopian proposal (page 283), based on a song from an eighteenth century Armenian troubadour, Sayat Nova, calling for Georgian rule and lingua Azerbaijani as the formula for achieving nirvana in the Caucasus, is taken out of context. A more vigorous study on Sayat Nova chronicles that the Qajar
Prince Agha Mohammed Khan, an Azerbaijani, was responsible for his death in 1795 during an invasion of the region.

Peace can only be achieved through an understanding of events and their causes, not by wishfully granting "parity" to each side. The likely result of de Waal's Black Garden is to stiffen the resolve of the belligerents by obfuscation of
the historical record.

5-0 out of 5 stars A Rare Portrait of an Historic Region
There are very few books published on Karabagh (Artsakh). The author discusses the events leading up to the war from both Armenian and Azerbaijani perspectives. Unlike other books which tend to be dry historical accounts, this book presents the rich culture and history of the region and how and what conditions led to the war and what possibilities if any exist for peace in the region. Highly recommended.

5-0 out of 5 stars So far the best book written on "Black Garden"...
Unlike many previously written texts on the Karabakh conflict, I have to admit that Thomas de Waal has retained a very neutral view of the issue expressing views of both conflicting parties. I am Azerbaijani student in the USA. Thomas has clearly revealed many issues about our so called "enemies" Armenians, their views, beliefs and worries, of which I had only a blurry view. Any foreign author, who considers the Karabakh subject important enough to write a book on it, often ends up with a very biased composition in his hand. Thomas de Waal has managed to do what, not every passionate writer could; stay thrilled by the subject, meanwhile baring a very neutral position with a hint of insignificance.

I had not heard of Sayat-Nova, which the author quoted in the book. Throughout the book there were moments of grief for my own people and for those across the border. As a young son of Azerbaijan, often exploding with nationalistic thoughts like "we will win back our lands", after reading this book, will need to start considering what Sting sang in "Russians":

"There is no such thing as a winnable WAR,
It is a lie we (Europeans) don't believe anymore"

4-0 out of 5 stars Rightful intentions, wrongful neutrality
The book represents independent, comprehensive and up-to-date research of one of the most disastrous modern wars in the Caucasus region. It can definitely serve as a good reference point for anybody who is interested in the post-Soviet development of South Caucasus countries. Numerous references, original interviews with top officials of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Turkey and other courtiers offer an invaluable piece of information, which could not be found anywhere else.

At the same time, however, the book has single but fundamental flaw. Apparently, in pursue of not being accused of siding with either party of this conflict, the Author obstinately balances the "pro-Armenian" and "pro-Azeri" facts with each other in order to create some facade of neutrality. In most of the cases it is expressed in improper comparisons, putting accents on incomparably important aspects of the conflict and sometimes even bringing about unchecked (if not dubious) information in order to counterbalance the well-known facts. As a result the truth is often obscured, hidden or even compromised. After all, the reality is much more uneven than 50-50 formula adopted in the "Black Garden...".

First of all, one of the greatest misleading simplifications (hopefully, not intentional) is equalization of Turkey-Azerbaijan with the Russia-Armenia ties. Turkey-Armenia relationship can only be wished to be better. Turkey spends millions of dollars every year to deny the fact of 1915 Genocide. It refuses to have any diplomatic relationships with Yerevan; it keeps the land border locked damaging badly Armenian economy, and sometimes even retreats to open bullying of Armenia. Meanwhile Russian-Azerbaijani ties, even at the worst point, included diplomatic, economic and military aspects (e.g. Gabala radar station). Today Russians' attitude to Azeris is hardly less favorable than to Armenians. The Russian president Vladimir Putin in a friendly gesture (rarely ever made to others) is planning to attend Azeri president's birthday party. Russian oil companies have heavy share in developing Azeri oil and Russian language, TV and newspapers are still very popular in Azerbaijan. At the same time, the level of Azeri-Turkish relationship is often expressed as "two countries - one nation" by top officials of both countries.

Perhaps the most astonishing example of the Author's strictly enforced "complimentary policy" is the chapter covering the pogroms of Armenians in Sumgait. Apparently, he considered the section - for obvious reasons - too "pro-Armenian". In order to somehow "neutralize" such impression, he went as far as trying to console Azeris by citing cases of similar atrocities committed by other nations widely recognized as civilized, such as English. As if it wasn't enough to "smooth away the differences" between the sides, the Author, in another part of the book referring to the same timeframe, quotes the "study" made by an Azeri about scores of Azeri victims of pogroms on the territory of Armenia. This information, never confirmed by any independent source, seems highly doubtful since in 1988, under relatively well-organized Soviet Government, it was practically impossible to violently kill 127 people without any trace in official statistics. Although throughout the book the Author seems to be very reluctant to rely on information given exclusively by either side of the conflict, in the above part - evidently to "balance" Azeri pogroms of Armenians - he decided to depart from this logic.

Less significantly, but equally unfair is "matching" of Ziya Buniatov and Zori Balayan. The first "discovered" and propagated a completely bogus (as the Author confirms himself) theory of Karabakh being historically Azeri land belonging centuries ago to "Caucasian Albania" - and consequently Armenians being only guests there. Today this theory is still the moral foundation of Azeri side of the conflict, thus Buniatov's role in instilling the hatred over Armenians is indeed tremendous. In turn, Zori Balayan's biggest sins are cited to be connecting dots between the 1915 Genocide and the pogroms in Sumgait, calling Turks "an enemy" (if they are not, then tell me what "enemy" means) and Arax river "Armenian" (which it may be called as it runs not only on Azerbaijan's border, but also on Armenia's). Sometimes it looks like the facts in the book are really stretched to fit each other...

Many other examples could follow. Most importantly, however, the Author seems to fail recognizing (or at least to properly illustrating in the book) the significant political, demographic and territorial differences between the sides of the conflict. With the history of narrowly escaping the full physical extermination 88 years ago - Armenians still seem to battle with the same dreadful perspective. Less than three millions of Armenians with 80% of their borders blocked by hostile neighbors since the independence are scrambling to survive in today's eventful reality. It takes looking at the map to understand that any potential change in great powers' stance is prone with the deadliest consequences for Armenians (taking into account that Turks are so much stronger, and still never even apologized for the Genocide of 1915 - who would guarantee Armenians' security?). On the other side are eight millions Azeris - with 15+ millions more in Iran - have open access to the sea, plenty of oil (which seem to have hypnotizing effect on Western democracies, too), and with 60 millions Turkey (the second strongest NATO army in the region) as their staunchest ally. The asymmetry is obvious, and it is impossible to understand the history of Karabakh conflict without recognizing it. Not by coincidence, Andrey Sakharov, the prominent Russian scientist and dissident, a person with huge personal moral authority, was quoted to say "Karabakh is a matter of honor for Azeris, but matter of survival for Armenians". It seems, the Author - who spent so much time studying the history of the region - would agree with such statement, but is very unwilling explicitly acknowledging it in the book.

Despite of the above-mentioned weaknesses the book is definitely worth your time and money, especially if you are able to read between the lines, use your judgment and not fall into "all-balancing" trap skillfully set by the Author. ... Read more

7. Rewriting Caucasian History: The Medieval Armenian Adaptation of the Georgian Chronicles : The Original Georgian Texts and the Armenian Adaptation (Oxford Oriental Monographs)
by Robert W. Thomson
list price: $110.00
our price: $110.00
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Asin: 0198263732
Catlog: Book (1996-05-01)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Sales Rank: 1321888
Average Customer Review: 1 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

The first modern, annotated translation of the Christian chronicles of Georgia, adapted by the Armenians in the thirteenth century. An important source for writers on Armenia after 1200, the chronicles deal with the history of Georgia from its mythical origins to the time of their composition--and are of particular interest to the historian for the way that they were then altered in a pro-Armenian manner. ... Read more

Reviews (1)

1-0 out of 5 stars Do people believe this BS?
(i could not give a ZERO star since the system did not allow it)
WOW, incredible,

yes it IS a rewrite of history... I am German and in our schools we read many history books, and none of them have claimed the Georgians to have existed before the armenians, it was the opposite, considering the fact that the #1 comes before #2, logic implies that Ur/Armenos/Hayasa, as this is what they were called in the BC timespan existed and the Georgians didnt, the Armenians had a language, but the Georgians didnt even exist yet. as it is writen by not only Greek and Roman historians but of Original Arabic decent historians from that time period, whose books were not burned and distroyed, they were preserved in their countries.

The Armenian language has been studied by anthropoligists, historians, lingists, and other academic scholars from Germany, England, America, and so on... however the Georgian language is one that they adapted FROM the Armenians...

This book would be in the same category to a book about how Hitler was actually attacked by the Jews and not the opposite... does that make sence? no it does not... therefore this book is untrue, it is a falsity, and it is a discrace that someone took the time to attempt to discredit the entire world...

Please read books by French historians, American anthropoligists, and German Linguists, from all of the different views you will only come up with one conclusion, they all state that the Armenians and their language are one of the oldest and purest languages and culture (unmixed and unadapted from others)

Please dont be swayed by some minority of people's who attempt on a daily basis to distort the history of the entire European and American countries.

I say to the person who wrote this book, how about try your attempts on the Greeks. say that the Greeks adapted your language? wait you cannot since they lived much before you did, but that is the same case with the Armenians, they lived much before you did. The Armenians and the Greeks lived as rulers in the same time period.

Danka ... Read more

8. Passage to Ararat (Hungry Mind Find)
by Michael J. Arlen
list price: $16.00
our price: $16.00
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Asin: 1886913056
Catlog: Book (1996-05-01)
Publisher: Ruminator Books
Sales Rank: 367049
Average Customer Review: 4.07 out of 5 stars
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Reviews (14)

5-0 out of 5 stars An Excellent description of Armenian history and culture.

'Passage To Ararat' is about the author's reflections on Armenians and his attempt to find out what Armenians are all about. His writing is excellent in this book, as he describes all his observations in a very interesting, yet simple manner.

The book covers a great deal of accurate Armenian history, where both Turkish and Armenian views are considered. This is a great book to learn about Armenian history, culture, mentality and the Armenian Genocide.

5-0 out of 5 stars a must read
I found this a very moving portrait of the author's search to understand his heritage. I also found this book helpful in providing an overview (obviously not detailed given the length of this book) of some of Armenian history.

5-0 out of 5 stars Great book-Don't listen to "Piece of Hate Literature"
This is a great book about the search for one's Armenian identity. Don't listen to the close-minded turkish ladies' review about this book. The GENOCIDE was real, and the Turks did it. Don't listen to her, we all know the truth.

4-0 out of 5 stars Great Book
This was such a great book, it had a little bit of everything, history, mike's biography and some little stories, it was so great I found it SO intersting. I'm not a huge history person but the way he put it in there it was interesting and I WANTED to read it... some of it was a little confusing the way he had it in there and parts were eh... but over all this book was great and i loved it!

It is evident that the review entitled "A Peice of Hate Literature" was written by a Turkish person. The Armenians' and Turks' dislike for one another goes back a long way, and this is just another example of how it still exists in today's society. No matter what anyone tries to say, deep in the hearts of all Armenians, and in sensible people, the knowledge of historical facts about the ruthless genocide of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire still exists and will never be forgotten. In fact, the only peice of "Hate Literature" is the review written by Halim Sibay Tugsavul. ... Read more

9. Revolution and Genocide : On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust
by Robert Melson
list price: $39.00
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Asin: 0226519902
Catlog: Book (1992-10-15)
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Sales Rank: 1448452
Average Customer Review: 4.5 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

In a study that compares the major attempts at genocide in world history, Robert Melson creates a sophisticated framework that links genocide to revolution and war. He focuses on the plights of Jews after the fall of Imperial Germany and of Armenians after the fall of the Ottoman as well as attempted genocides in the Soviet Union and Cambodia. He argues that genocide often is the end result of a complex process that starts when revolutionaries smash an old regime and, in its wake, try to construct a society that is pure according to ideological standards.

... Read more

Reviews (2)

5-0 out of 5 stars Study of Armenian Genocide by a non-Armenian
The comparison of The Genocide and the Holocaust can be considered an important step towards the recoginition of this almost a century old crime against the Armenians. I felt this book analyzed the conditions of both of these events and came to conclusion that they were same. I commend Dr. Melson for this effort.

4-0 out of 5 stars An excellent work from a leading genocide scholar
In this intelligent work, Melson studies the role of revolution in the promulagtion of genocide. His theories cover political, historical, cultural, and psychological rationales, and lead to a concrete answer to a fluid question. The Armenian Genocide and the Jewish Holocaust are systematically disected, studied, and put back together, and a rational theory about revolution's role in genocide emerges. A definite requirement for anyone studying modern genocide. ... Read more

10. Unsilencing the Past: Track two Diplomacy And Turkish-Armenian Reconciliation
by David L. Phillips
list price: $39.95
our price: $39.95
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Asin: 1845450078
Catlog: Book (2005-02-15)
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Sales Rank: 400299
Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars
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Reviews (1)

4-0 out of 5 stars Unsilencing the Past... Sort Of
I just finished "Unsilencing the Past" and I have to say the book was both interesting and a quick read.The book delivered insight and never before released information regarding the secretive dialogue held between Armenians and Turks during 2001-2004, otherwise known as the Turkish Armenian Reconciliation Commission (TARC).Author David Phillips was the moderator of the Commission.

The book explains how TARC was created and the difficult task of bringing Armenians and Turks together.Armenians have been skeptical of dealing with Turks since the Genocide of 1915-1923, when 1.5 million Armenians were murdered during the end of the Ottoman Empire.There was a systematical attempt by the Ottoman Turkish government to wipe out the Armenian race.Armenians faced deportation, expropriation, abduction, torture, massacre, and starvation in what was the first Genocide of the 20th century.As Phillips explains, "Rafael Lempkin, an author of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, described genocide as `what happened to the Armenians.' "According to Phillips, "Turks refuse to acknowledge the Genocide because acknowledgement contradicts their noble self-image.It is humiliating to be judged in the court of international public opinion for events that occurred before the Republic of Turkey was even born."Turkey has no diplomatic relations with Armenia and has imposed a blockade on their western neighbor.

Many in the Armenian Diaspora criticized TARC as an attempt to derail Genocide legislative progress.In October 2000, the House International Relations Committee overwhelmingly passed the Armenian Genocide resolution.After receiving pressure from Turkey, President Clinton phoned House Speaker Dennis Hastert to table the bill, citing national security concerns. TARC, the Armenian Diaspora argued, was created in 2001 to hinder legislative progress in the U.S. Congress and world bodies.

Turkish Commissioner Ozdem Sanberk proved the Armenian Diaspora correct by explaining, "The basic goal of our commission is to impede the initiatives put forth in the U.S. Congress and parliaments of Western countries on the genocide issue, which aim to weaken Turkey."

One of the memorable exchanges Phillips documents was when Turkish Commissioner Gunduz Aktan told Armenian Commissioner and former Foreign Minister Alex Arzoumanian, "Do you know how we feel when you try to embarrass us by introducing resolutions in parliaments around the world?Our feelings are hurt.""Your feelings are hurt.How do you think we feel?" responded Arzoumanian."We were the ones who were genocided."This is the same Aktan whose comments before the House International Relations Committee were so menacing that Congressman Chris Smith (R-NJ) publicly criticized him for making "threats" against the United States and Congress.

Phillips concludes that TARC was a success, but I disagree.TARC failed because Turkey did not recognize the Armenian Genocide; TARC folded in 2004 with no palpable results.TARC asked the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) to conduct a study on the Armenian Genocide and their report concluded that Genocide took place.The ICTJ adds its name to a list that includes the Republics of Greece, France, Argentina, Canada, Italy, Switzerland, Uruguay, Lebanon, and Russia, along with the Vatican, European Parliament, and Council of Europe, as properly commemorating the Armenian Genocide.Moreover, hundreds of city councils, states, governors, mayors, community leaders, world bodies, and academics have recognized the Armenian Genocide.The evidence is clear.Ninety years after the fact, I hope Turkey understands that true reconciliation can only take place when Turkey comes to grip with its history and justice is seen for the 1.5 million victims.
... Read more

11. A Concise History of the Armenian People: From Ancient Times to the Present
by George A. Bournoutian
list price: $35.00
our price: $35.00
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Asin: 1568591411
Catlog: Book (2002-07-01)
Publisher: Mazda Publishers
Sales Rank: 72380
Average Customer Review: 5 out of 5 stars
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Reviews (1)

5-0 out of 5 stars A myriad of important things.
I am taking a class on Armenian history. Both this book and the class is new. While the book shows a lot of signs that any first edition textbook would have, beyond its syntactical muddleness, it is an excellent book. Bournoutian is an excellent scholar, and gives a very detailed overview of Armenia's history up until the present day. In a few years this book may be obsolete due to the political climate which Armenia has always had, yet it has given an excellent view into a culture whose value and importance is not known about very well-- both by Armenians and non-Armenians. From it, I learned a great deal about a nation that I knew of (as I am not actually Armenian) but knew little about. It saddens me deeply that Armenian culture and history is not something people are taught about in American schools, as this fascinating group of people is almost never mentioned alongside contemporaries, and it is my personal hope that one day people will recognize Armenia past and present for her deserved significance. ... Read more

12. America and the Armenian Genocide of 1915 (Studies in the Social and Cultural History of Modern Warfare)
list price: $45.00
our price: $36.00
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Asin: 0521829585
Catlog: Book (2004-01-08)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Sales Rank: 233332
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Book Description

Long before Rwanda and Bosnia and the Holocaust, the first genocide of the twentieth century occurred in Turkish Armenia in 1915.The essays in this collection examine how Americans learned of this catastrophe and tried to help its victims. Knowledge and compassion, however, were not enough to stop the killings, and a terrible precedent was born in 1915.The Armenian genocide has haunted the U.S. and other Western countries throughout the twentieth century. ... Read more

13. The Historical Monuments of Nakhichevan
by Argam Ayvazian
list price: $34.95
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Asin: 0814318967
Catlog: Book (1990-04-01)
Publisher: Wayne State University Press
Sales Rank: 1921390
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14. The Banality of Indifference: Zionism and the Armenian Genocide
by Yair Auron
list price: $29.95
our price: $29.95
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Asin: 0765808811
Catlog: Book (2002-01-01)
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Sales Rank: 556215
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Book Description

The genocide of Armenians by Turks during the First World War was one of the most horrendous deeds of modern times and a precursor of the genocidal acts that have marked the rest of the twentieth century. Despite the worldwide attention the atrocities received at the time, the massacre has not remained a part of the world's historical consciousness. The parallels between the Jewish and Armenian situations and the reactions of the Jewish community in Palestine (the Yishuv) to the Armenian genocide are explored by Yair Auron.

Auron raises theoretical, philosophical, and moral questions about concepts of genocide and the uniqueness of the Holocaust. Following a brief survey of Armenian history and the events leading up to the massacre, Auron discusses the reaction within the Yishuv in terms of practical assistance for and identification with the Armenians. The Jewish position was unquestionably difficult during the period of the first World War; Palestine was under Ottoman control, and Germany, a Turkish ally, was looked to by some Zionists as a potential source of support. Consequently, the official Yishuv reaction was muted and largely self-interested: there were no condemnations in journals, internal protocols, or letters. Auron records instances of support: the Nili group, an underground intelligence organization, actively sought to aid the Armenian victims; Chaim Weizman and Nahum Sokolov publicly condemned the killings; and other Zionist writers and journalists expressed outraged identification with the Armenians and tried to arouse the conscience of the world. In attempting to assess and interpret these disparate reactions, Auron maintains a fairminded balance in assessing claims of altruism and self-interest, expressed in universal, not merely Jewish, terms.

While not denying the uniqueness of the Holocaust, Auron carefully distinguishes it from the Armenian genocide, reviewing existing theories and relating Armenian and Jewish experience to ongoing issues of politics and identity. As a groundbreaking work of comparative history, The Banality of Indifference will be read by Armenian area specialists, historians of Zionism and Israel, and students of genocide. ... Read more

15. Starving Armenians: America and the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1930 and After
by Merrill D. Peterson
list price: $24.95
our price: $15.72
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Asin: 0813922674
Catlog: Book (2004-03-01)
Publisher: University Press of Virginia
Sales Rank: 65139
Average Customer Review: 5 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

The persecution and suffering of the Armenian people, a religious and cultural minority in the Ottoman Empire, reached a peak in the era of World War I at the hands of the Turks. Between 1915 and 1925 as many as 1.5 million Armenian men, women, and children died in Ottoman Turkey, victims of execution, starvation, and death marches to the Syrian desert.

In "Starving Armenians," Merrill Peterson explores the American response to these atrocities, beginning with the initial reports to President Wilson from his Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, Henry Morgenthau, who described Turkey as "a place of horror." The West gradually began to take notice. As the New York Times carried stories about the "slow massacre of a race," public outrage over this tragedy led to an unprecedented philanthropic crusade spearheaded by Near East Relief, an organization rooted in Protestant missionary endeavors in the Near East and dedicated to saving the survivors of the first genocide of the twentieth century. The book also addresses the Armenian aspirations for an independent republic under American auspices; these hopes went unfulfilled in the peacemaking after the war and ended altogether when Armenia was absorbed into the Soviet Union.

Part of a generation who were admonished as children to "remember the starving Armenians," Peterson went to Armenia in 1997 as a Peace Corps volunteer and became fascinated by the country's troubled history. The extensive research he embarked upon afterwards revealed not only the scope of the people's hardship and amazing resilience; it located in the American effort to help the Armenians a unique perspective on our own nation's experience of the twentieth century. "Starving Armenians" is an eloquent narrative of an all but forgotten part of that experience. ... Read more

Reviews (1)

5-0 out of 5 stars lessons from yesterday for today
Professor Merrill has written a fascinating book with many lessons. Instructive is the way oil politics at the 1923 Lusanne Conference got in the way of a European response to the national and humanitarian consequences of the Armenians' 20 previous years of suffering Turk inflicted "crimes against humanity" (the word genocide hadn't been coined, but crimes against humanity had been identified at the Versailles Conference). Now the west wants to use human rights to cover the military drive to the middle east oil spigot, thus an instructive irony.
I had experience in Central America in the late 1970s and early 1980s and comparisons with congregationalist ministers in 19th century Armenia and Catholic liberation theologians in Central America are relevant. Also, in both cases the indigenous peoples were wiped off of the map of fertile lowlands and condemned to infertile highlands. The human rights response was similar too with the congregationalist Near East Relief organization comparable to the widespread Catholic church support of Caritas, the Paulists, or others for Central American indigenous peoples under seige.
Also, here in the US Armenian success stories are legion. My family boasts relatives of the Colombosian family, famous for their Colombo yogurt. The Colombosian family lost extensive 1st generation family in the genocide. They continue to support the establishment of the Armenian holocaust museum in Washington DC, among other efforts. ... Read more

16. The Republic of Armenia: From London to Sevres, February-August, 1920 (Republic of Armenia)
by Richard G. Hovannisian, Univ of California Pr
list price: $65.00
our price: $65.00
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Asin: 0520088034
Catlog: Book (1996-02-01)
Publisher: University of California Press
Sales Rank: 857257
Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

With these two volumes, Richard Hovannisian completes hisdefinitive history of the first independent Armenian state in modern times andprovides the basis for comparison with the new Armenian republic established in1991 after seven decades of Soviet rule.Based on Armenian, Russian, Turkish,German, Italian, French, and English-language archival materials, these volumesprovide the first comprehensive, multidimensional analysis of this criticalturning point in Armenian historya period clouded in misinformation andcontroversy. Volume Three focuses on the regional and international developments in 1920 thatdetermined the future of the Armenian people. The Treaty of Svres, concludedbetween the Allied Powers and Turkey in August of that year, created a united,independent Armenian stateat least on paperand authorized the President of theUnited States to draw the final boundaries within given limits. Yet the samepowers were unwilling to use armed force to implement their award to Armenia.Meanwhile, the Russian civil war turned to favor the Bolsheviks; and as the RedArmy poured into neighboring Azerbaijan, the Armenian government was faced withinternal subversion and the need to reassess its political orientation. ... Read more

Reviews (1)

5-0 out of 5 stars Definitive History of Armenia from 1918-1921
This volume is the fourth of a series that provides a comprehensive analysis of the history of Armenia during a critical period in time. We get a clear idea of the key factors that ultimately led to the Sovietization of the first independent Armenian state. If you want to know in detail about the key conflicts between Armenians and Turks such as the battles at Sardarabad and Kars as well as the historic claims to Western Armenia then you should definitely read these books. You will also get a clear picture of history repeating itself in terms of the Armenian/Azerbaijani conflict and the role of Allied countries such as England and France. Highly recommended. ... Read more

17. A Crime of Vengeance: An Armenian Struggle for Justice
by Edward Alexander
list price: $24.95
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Asin: 0029004756
Catlog: Book (1991-04-01)
Publisher: Free Pr
Sales Rank: 251838
Average Customer Review: 3.67 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

“A wonderful book, of great importance, and beautifully times like history, at times like a novel or even a thriller, pervaded throughout by a sense of moral integrity and honesty.
—Professor Roger Smith, College of William & Mary

A Crime of Vengeance relates Turkey's massacre of Armenians in 1915 and the six year hunt and assassination of former Grand Visier Talaat Pasha as revealed in an internationally-covered Berlin murder trial in 1921. ... Read more

Reviews (3)

5-0 out of 5 stars His facts are accurate!
The government of Turkey goes to great lengths to deny the twentieth century's First Genocide. Ed Alexender relied on the historical archives of at least several countries , mainly Germany and USA's National Archives.Being a retired foreign service officer, he knows the value of facts and he documents his facts quite well!
When it comes to presenting facts, I believe the reviewer from Turkey is presenting his goverments misguided policy and nothing else. His reviews are always negative when it deals with the Armenian Genocide.
I recommend this book highly!!

1-0 out of 5 stars complete bag of lies
this is classical anti-turkish ... book

a lot of historical facts were completely falsified.

a naive historians can even find the historical lies inside it.most of the dates given were mismatched.

just one word

during the 1915,ottoman empire was reigning the anatolia not republic of turkey

ottoman empire was consisting of turkish and a lot of different nations and ottoman rulers never accepted that they are turkish origins.most of the ottoman emperors mothers were serbian,armenian,greek,russian and all top goverment people were not turkish.any historians can find this fact easily if he can research the archives objectively.

it is complete absurdity to accuse of turkey which was founded in 1923 after collapsing of ottoman empire.

5-0 out of 5 stars International Justice
This book is a worthy read for students, scholars, and laymen interested in the complex and ofthen paradoxical arena of international justice. Written in the form of a thriller that could rival LeCarre ,Angler, and Ludlum. This book delves deep into the psyche of the victims of genocide in a masterful tribute to the human spirit to endure adversity and mete out justice. ... Read more

18. An Armenian Doctor in Turkey: Garabed Hatcherian: My Smyrna Ordeal of 1922
by Dora Sakayan
list price: $20.00
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0969987919
Catlog: Book (1997-01)
Publisher: Arod Books
Sales Rank: 706419
Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

Dr. Hatcherian's journal is a chronicle of the Smyrna catastrophe in 1922. It is written in the general form of a diary, chronicling the most significant events in Smyrna in September 1922. The narrator's thoughts and concerns during these events are recorded on a day-by-day basis. The manuscript is comprised of 52 tightly-written pages, covering the period between August 28, 1922 and April 7, 1923. The journal can be broken down into three distinct structural segments: Introduction, Story, Epilogue. The Introduction reports on the twelve ominous days between August 28 and September 8, preceding the 1922 Smyrna catastrophe. The events are presented in their gradual development, preparing the reader for the central episodes in the journal. The Story, which describes the Hatcherian family's last two weeks in Smyrna, encompasses the time from September 9 to September 24. This section is a detailed account of what Dr. Hatcherian and his family of eight endured in those fifteen horrifying days. The Epilogue depicts the seven months (September 25, 1922 to April 7, 1923) that the refugee Hatcherian family spent on the Greek island of Mitilini.


Dr. Garabed Hatcherian was born in 1876 in Bardizag (Turkish: Bakhchedjik), situated in the province of Izmit in Turkey. In 1901, he graduated from the Constantinople School of Medicine. In 1907, he married Elisa Costanian (born in Akhisar, near Smyrna). They had five children.

In 1914, along with 1,500 young men from Bardizag, Dr. Hatcherian was conscripted into the Turkish army and served there as a medical officer for the duration of World War I. While he was in the army, in 1915, the Armenian part of Bardizag was ravaged and destroyed, and the Armenian population was massacred, deported or forced to flee.

In 1918, Dr. Hatcherian settled down with his family in Smyrna, where he soon achieved social prominence. In 1922, during the Smyrna catastrophe his career came to an abrupt end. Within a matter of days, Dr. Hatcherian lost his livelihood and his home, and was arrested by the Turks for the crime of being Armenian. After suffering greatly himself and witnessing the agony of his fellow Christians, both Armenians and Greeks, he was released from prison. On September 24, 1922, the Hatcherian family escaped to Mitilini, leaving behind in Akhisar, ten members of the extended family on both sides, including the mothers and brothers with their families.All ten family members, were massacred. In the Spring of 1923, Dr. Hatcherian moved to Salonika, Greece, where he was appointed the chief physician of the local chapter of the Armenian General Benevolent Union's (AGBU) pediatric clinic. In 1950, Dr. Hatcherian and his family moved from Greece to Argentina, where he passed away in 1952.

Besides being a respected physician, Dr. Hatcherian was a prominent Armenian public figure in the Armenian community wherever he lived. He was also coeditor of the Armenian medical journal 'Pzhishg' [The Physician], and he authored many articles in local Armenian newspapers.

Dr. Garabed Hatcherian was an idealist who espoused no political party, but strongly believed in the benevolent goals of the AGBU and was one of its most ardent supporters. Love for his people, and his vision of a better future for them, inspired him to serve their needs unfailingly, carrying out his professional and civic duties with great integrity and dedication.


The names of places and people in the journal are so accurately documented, and the chronological descriptions of the unfolding political and military events so vividly detailed, that one is tempted to believe that each entry of the journal was made either concurrently with, or immediately following each event. Considering the difficult circumstances, however, this hypothesis is almost certainly excluded. A brief Postscript section supports the idea that the main part (Aug. 28 - Sept. 24) was written within days of the events, evidently upon arrival in Mitilini.There, as a survivor, Dr. Hatcherian probably felt the compelling urge to testify; moreover, he must have felt the need to analyze the events intellectually. As for the Epilogue and the final copy of the journal, it was completed in Salonika. This is confirmed by the date and place inscribed below Dr. Hatcherian's signature under the manuscript: June 1, 1923, Salonika (p.52).The meticulous care the author provided for the manuscript is strong proof that he was aware of how crucial it was to preserve the story for posterity, and to record the details as soon as possible.


Recent controversies on the validity of Armenian survivors1 accounts of the Armenian genocide have questioned the reliability of survivors who witnessed these events many decades ago, and as children. Even if these arguments were valid, they do not apply to Dr. Hatcherian1s work. For this is not a memoir written many years after the described events, but a journal based on facts, recorded by an eyewitness who takes pains to report what he has seen and known for himself and sets it down while it is fresh in his mind. The journal is, consequently, a primary, not a secondary, source of information, which agrees well with the synthesis of data from other primary and secondary sources on the Smyrna disaster.

The voice of the narrator is the cool, stoic voice of reason. Dr. Hatcherian is a forty-six year old intellectual who is interested in serving his own ideals of truth and goodness. He sees himself as a loyal citizen, who is far from being a threat to the Turkish government; on the contrary, besides working for almost ten years as a municipal doctor in Turkey, he served for four years as a medical officer in the Turkish army during World War I and was decorated with medals for his exemplary medical service.

His journal treats the delicate issue of Turkish-Armenian relations with diplomacy. The Hatcherian case refutes the conventional Ottomanist thesis, according to which steps taken against the Armenians were normal precautionary measures in a state of war, reciprocating the aggressive actions of the Armenians. Dr. Hatcherian sheds light on the political situation of the 1920s, showing that Kemalist nationalists cannot be absolved of the charge of anti-Armenian sentiment. In fact, the Kemalists carried on with the Young Turks' program by eliminating - along with the Greek population - the whole Armenian community in and around Smyrna, a region in Turkey where Armenians were not directly touched by the massacres and deportations of 1915.

Dr. Hatcherian denounces the Kemalist Turks for reducing the most prosperous part of Smyrna, the 3beautiful Ionic city,2 to ashes (p. 21), and for ending the presence of Armenians and Greeks in Smyrna and surroundings. He is critical not only of the Kemalist Turks, but also, of the Greek government for concealing from the public that the enemy was approaching and that the danger was imminent. He also blames the international community, especially the representatives of the European and American nations, whom he indicts with the charge that for them 3civilization, humanism, Christianity have become empty words.2 They were 3mere spectators,2 filmmakers and photographers on board their armored ships, turning a deaf ear to the entreaties of Armenian and Greek Christians caught between 3fire, sword and water2.

Many of the questions posed by Dr. Hatcherian remain unanswered until today. For, alas, in the 75 years since the Smyrna disaster, very insignificant progress can be reported regarding the protection of minorities who have been victimized around the world. ... Read more

Reviews (1)

5-0 out of 5 stars A man andhis stragle to survive his faith for humanity.
I open this book to read of how a lawfullcitizenbecomevictim, justbecause he was a christianarmenian, in Smyra during 1922,his stragle to protect and survive his family through the madness and hell. Instead when I finishedthe bookI had become enriched with the wonderfull feeling of keeping the faith for life, anda full apreciation for all the little things we do in our everyday life. And gave me the opportunity to understand deeper of one of the darkest moments of humanity in our time, such as the 1922 Smyra disaster. ... Read more

19. The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus
by Vahakn N. Dadrian
list price: $39.95
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 1571810161
Catlog: Book (1995-07-01)
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Sales Rank: 738377
Average Customer Review: 4.25 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

The Armenian genocide, though not given such prominent treatment as the Jewish Holocaust which it precedes, still haunts the Western world and has assumed a new significance in the light ofethnic cleansing in Bosnia. This study by the most distinguished scholar of the Armenian tragedy offers an authoritative analysis by presenting it as a case study of genocide and by seeing it as a historical process in which a domestic conflict escalated and was finally consumed by a global war. ... Read more

Reviews (8)

5-0 out of 5 stars Excellent Scholarship
This study took an interesting approach, despite its title it has little about the actual implementation and excecution of the Armenian genocide instead covering topics such as: the Abdul Hamit Massacres, the Adana massacres, the bank Ottoman raid, Islam's bent for domination which implies inferiority for non-muslims dhimmis such as Armenians, German complicity, the failure of European humanitarian intervention due to their vested and colonial interests, the Young Turks, how the precarious situation of Armenians constantly massacred and vulnerable with little weaponry or outside diplomatic assistance made them contrary to Balkan Christians take the route of asking for reforms and protection within the Ottoman Empire instead of seeking their independence as they were in an existential crisis where they decided upon the failed project of seeking protection from a Turkish system that thrived on repression and oppression, the Kemalist invasion of Russian Armenia, a comparison of the Holocaust and the Armenian genocide, the Turkish post-war tribunals that failed to punish the key players of the Armenian genocide(but these trials did provide proof of the intent to destroy the Armenians), the role of impunity during and after the genocide and earlier massacres in the failure to punish muslims for their crimes and how the implacable Kemalists along with European vested interests made sure there was little in the way of punishment, among other topics. Chapter 14 entitled: "The Implementation of the Genocide" only spans from page 219-235 in the edition I read(second revised edition 1997). Such an approach to this study makes ensures that it is well covered why the Armenian genocide occurred, which is more important than drudging page after page about the actual genocide and its implementation, which would have gotten tedious as this book is over 400 pages.

The scholarship of Dadrian shines throughout the work, he cites countless works in Turkish, Armenian, German, French and English and the work is very well referenced with a plethora of footnotes. This man has been studying the Armenian genocide for decades and it shows, I doubt much is written in the languages he can read about the subject that he has not already read, and most of it seems cited in this work. How Turkish historians and other historians can deny the Armenian genocide shows to anyone who has read this work their complete lack of honor and decency, to comment on history with no other desire than to extricate Turkish society and state from their mis-actions. Dadrian uses Austrian and German diplomatic archives at a time when they were Ottoman Turkey's wartime allies, he references the memoirs of architects and implementators of the genocide where they incriminate themselves, he cites the Turkish trials after the war to punish the Young Turks published in the official Turkish government gazette at the time(Takvimi Vekayi), Ataturk's speeches, eyewitnesses, Allied diplomatic archives, Turkish historians such as Refik and Akcam, and Turkish sociologist Ismail Besikci, who attest to the reality of the Armenian genocide. With such evidence how can one deny the Armenian genocide, and claim to be honest or better yet, a member of humanity?

4-0 out of 5 stars good "scientific" book but not the better one about genocide
I am Greek but my origin is Armenian. I have read this book in Greek translation. I didn't really enjoy it. It is a good history book for history students and schollars. It is a product of hard work and you will learn more about the genocide if you read it. I have read in Greeks "the crime of silence". I found it better.
Read more about Armenian genocide, dont believe the Lies of Turks. In our days Turks are not responsible for the crimes of their grand fathers. The lands of my grand father was Armenian, Kurdish and Turkish too. This land is Turkish now and I dont want to take it back. I want justice for the death people. I will be happy if the official Turkish State acknowledges the genocide. The memory must be alive for ever.

3-0 out of 5 stars verbose, not alive, well annotated
So I bought this book because I wanted to learn about the Armenian Holocaust, something that was only touched on in grade school. Instead I recieved a book that is full of wonderful academic work but confusing to read, and not focused on the genocide itself. I wanted a book closer to Martin GIlberts history of the holocaust which blends historical accuracy with documents and interesting accounts of the tradgedy. Instead this book goes overboard documenting German complicity while shying away from the actual deportations,t he massacres, maybe this is due to a lack of actual historical record. Fine...I will settle for that. But until Im satisfied im going to read "caravans to oblivion" and other books on the subject because I want a book dealing with the genocide, not just the documents of government soruces and diaries by government figures. I believe the author uses the volumes of sources to prove Turkish complicity. Except I didnt need to be convinced of complicity by the Turks( we all know the Turks butchered the armenians, otherwise how can one exlained why no armenians live in turkey today?) I wanted the history of what happaned in Armenia, I wanted to learn about the Armenian rebellion at Van and Musa Dagh.

Oh well...

5-0 out of 5 stars Very Informative
Incredible research went into this book. Not only can one get a historic view of the Armenian Genocide, but it also demonstrates the essentials of good academic research.

4-0 out of 5 stars Extremely meticulous and well researched book
Dadrian's book is probably one of the most intensely researched works on the Armenian Genocide to date. It gives an accurate big picture description of much of the international politics going on at the time, which many other books on the subject do not. I found it quite objective with a scholarly tone. I think it was actually a little weak on descriptions of the horrors of the Genocide, yet this was not the author's focus. If an uninformed reader were to read one book on the Armenian Genocide, then this may not be the best one, I think "Survivors: An Oral History of the Armenian Genocide" or "Black Dog of Fate" are easier and more personal reads. However, Dadrian's book is a must for historians and experts on the subject, as it is probably the best true historical account on the subject to date. ... Read more

20. The Great Game of Genocide: Imperialism, Nationalism, And the Destruction of the Ottoman Armenians
by Donald Bloxham
list price: $29.95
our price: $29.95
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0199273561
Catlog: Book (2005-06-01)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Sales Rank: 131200
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