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141. Encountering Development
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142. Origin of Species
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143. School Neuropsychology : A Practitioner's
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144. The Neuroscience of Social Interactions:
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145. The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science
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146. The Accelerated Learning Handbook:
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147. Kevin Trudeau's Mega Memory :
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148. Children's Thinking (4th Edition)
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149. Myth of Monogamy: Fidelity and
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150. Modern Man in Search of a Soul
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151. Human Memory
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152. In Search of Understanding: The
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153. Carnal Knowledge and Imperial
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154. Positive Child Guidance
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155. Thinking (3rd Edition)
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157. Rational Choice in an Uncertain
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158. The Logic of Failure
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159. Learning: A Survey of Psychological
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160. The Myth of the A.D.D Child:50

141. Encountering Development
by Arturo Escobar
list price: $21.95
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Asin: 0691001022
Catlog: Book (1994-11-14)
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Sales Rank: 43916
Average Customer Review: 3.5 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

How did the industrialized nations of North America and Europe come to be seen as the appropriate models for post-World War II societies in Asia, Africa, and Latin America? How did the postwar discourse on development actually create the so-called Third World? And what will happen when development ideology collapses? To answer these questions, Arturo Escobar shows how development policies became mechanisms of control that were just as pervasive and effective as their colonial counterparts. The development apparatus generated categories powerful enough to shape the thinking even of its occasional critics while poverty and hunger became widespread. "Development" was not even partially "deconstructed" until the 1980s, when new tools for analyzing the representation of social reality were applied to specific "Third World" cases. Here Escobar deploys these new techniques in a provocative analysis of development discourse and practice in general, concluding with a discussion of alternative visions for a postdevelopment era.

Escobar emphasizes the role of economists in development discourse--his case study of Colombia demonstrates that the economization of food resulted in ambitious plans, and more hunger. To depict the production of knowledge and power in other development fields, the author shows how peasants, women, and nature became objects of knowledge and targets of power under the "gaze of experts." ... Read more

Reviews (2)

2-0 out of 5 stars Anger does not equal analysis
This is a tract, not a thoughtful piece of scholarship. It is in the Latin American school of angry social science, but is little informed by fact. Much of what it says is correct, but is also well known. But the analysis is weak, based on incorrect or outdated data, and simply a regurgitation of stereotypes instead of a deductive grounded analysis based upon good ethnographic work. It is therefore often simply wrong. But anger sells books.....

5-0 out of 5 stars Reunderstanding development
Arturo Escobar critics the whole concept of development in theory and practice from an extremely unusual and original perspective. He steps back and views development as something exotic and almost non-sense. Inspired on the work of Foucault, the author examines the evolution of the discourse about development as a form of how the West keeps exerting power and influence on the Third World. The ethnocentric views of development and interventions that come with them - propagated by Western governments, multinational companies, development institutions and academia - puts Third World cultures and traditional populations as something that should be significantly changed to achieve the so-dreamed "development." Although the results of these western-driven interventions over decades have usually been catastrophic for Third World's populations and cultures, Western "experts" keep coming to the Third World and elaborating new forms of discourses on development, now addressing objects like sustainable development, women and development and poverty erradication - all ethnocentric and based on western values. This book should be read by anyone who wants to reunderstand development in the Third World (and reflect if it is needed at all!). ... Read more

142. Origin of Species
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Asin: 0517123207
Catlog: Book (1995-05-22)
Publisher: Gramercy
Sales Rank: 6232
Average Customer Review: 4.08 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

The Origin of Species sold out on the first day of its publication in 1859.It is the major book of the nineteenth century, and one of the most readable and accessible of the great revolutionary works of the scientific imagination.
The Origin of Species was the first mature and persuasive work to explain how species change through the process of natural selection.Upon its publication, the book began to transform attitudes about society and religion, and was soon used to justify the philosophies of communists, socialists, capitalists, and even Germany's National Socialists.But the most quoted response came from Thomas Henry Huxley, Darwin's friend and also a renowned naturalist, who exclaimed, "How extremely stupid not to have thought of that!"
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Reviews (49)

3-0 out of 5 stars An esential read for any scientist.
Darwin's "Origin of Species" is in fact an abstract of a 20 volume thesis containing the evidence gathered over many years which support the concept of evolution by natural selection. This way of describing the evolution of organisms on earth has by now become the standard and, in fact, one hardly ever thinks of evolution without automatically connecting it with Darwin's ideas.

At first, upon commencing reading this small book, I continued to ask `where is the evidence for that' but on realising that he had gathered a large volume of data to support this theory I simply continued to read on. Its not either an easy read or that complicated. Darwin looks at evolution in a very comprehensive way: first, linking the main idea with the variation of animals under domestication, something he himself had extensively studied in the case of pidgeons; second, associating this with variation under nature and the struggle for existence; he then goes on to describe in detail natural selection and the laws of variation. He follows this like any good scientist by an analysis of what may be the theory's weaknesses, such as the scarcity in the geological record and the lack of organisms in a state of gradation. He then applies the ideas to instinct, hybridism and then discusses in great depth the imperfections of the geological record. He also considers how geographical distribution can alter the results of evolution and how the embryos of various animals have a resemblance to that of other animals and how they also appear to repeat previous evolutionary steps as they mature.

Its too bad the 20 volume set was never published, even the incomplete version would have been better than only the abstract. Nonetheless it is well discussed and written as a comprehensive summary of the main thesis. At times the style can be repetitive and even dull but this is compensated for by fascinating little excerpts which are present throughout. This was, remarkably enough, my first reading of "The Origin of Species" and I do believe that every practicing scientist should read it as part of their education rather than accepting its tenets without question as is the wont. However rather than being a description of the true origin of species, it actually takes a change which occurs (by whatever means) and then describes the process the species undergoes from then on. Darwin never actually said anything about how new variations are formed, this was left for others to consider and eventually led to the modern Darwinian thesis including the idea of mutation caused by radiation, viruses or chemical agents. Much has also come to light over the last century such as the symbiosis of organisms producing the merger of cell and mitochondria seen in every cell today and similarly the recent evidence of gene swapping going on between bacteria and now also larger organisms, see "Lamarck's Signature" by Ted Steele. Since Darwin did also not explain form but rather the possibility of how form came about Brian Goodwin's Form and Transformation is a good place to start.

It must also be remembered that in his time the thesis was new even if many others were working on similar ideas Darwin was the first, in conjunction with Wallace, to expand on natural selection and obtain strong evidence for it. An essential read for any scientist.

5-0 out of 5 stars The second most misrepresented book ever written
There is only one other book that is so widely known, discussed, and debated, yet so rarely read: that other book is the Bible. To make my point, here is a little quiz:

1) Which name is most closely associated with the theory of evolution?

2) Which book did this person write on evolution?

3) What claims are made in that book?

4) What else is contained in that book?

With astonishing regularity, the average literate adult will respond as follows: 1) Darwin, 2) Origin of Species, 3) Humans descended from apes, and 4) I have no idea. The first two are correct, the third is absolutely false, and the fourth is an admission of complete ignorance. Considering that "Origin of Species" is over 600 pages long, and took nearly two decades to write, one would expect it to contain something more than the four simple words "Humans descended from apes," which, in fact, it neither contains nor implies. So, what DOES it contain? There is one word that best summarizes the bulk of Darwin's magnum opus: "observation".

It is a lengthy book; at times it is tedious, at times politically incorrect, and at times scientifically off-base. But, despite its numerous flaws, it is one of the greatest achievements in the history of mankind. Even if you are among the few who refuse to accept Darwin's ideas, you cannot deny their impact. The theory is the cornerstone--if not the very foundation--of modern biology. Whatever your preconceptions, you will likely be surprised by this work. Darwin was the consummate naturalist and scientist, as well as a refined and articulate gentleman. "Origin" is a delight and an epiphany to read. It's amazing how much Darwin got right, despite the fact that he had essentially no idea of how inheritance worked. It's amazing how much data Darwin carefully assembled, analyzed, and described. It's amazing how meticulously Darwin weighed the evidence, noting when competing theories made different predictions, when the available evidence was not what he would have expected, and what future evidence could completely discredit (falsify) his theory. It's amazing in its honesty.

The misconceptions about "Origin of Species" are not merely rampant, they are effectively universal, fueled (largely in the US) by the rise of creationism, which seeks first and foremost to vilify the theory of evolution as well as Darwin (often failing to distinguish between the two). It's worth the time to read this enormous but meticulously crafted volume, if only to allow you to form your own opinions about such an influential book. Once you have, take the little quiz again. You may need 600 pages to answer the last question.

3-0 out of 5 stars Hum
Another reviewer boldly proclaimed "they(creationists) might see that arguing against Darwin's theory is like arguing Netwon's theory of gravity is wrong."

Well, the problem is that Newton's theory of gravity is ultimately wrong.

5-0 out of 5 stars The most important book of biological science.
'The Origin of Species' by Charles Darwin is the most important book of biological science. Even though the book may be dead in detail, it is basically the "big bang" of evolutionary thought. If one is a student of Biology, this is the book they want to read in order to develop true scientific thought.

5-0 out of 5 stars Wonderfully readable
The cover of this edition is misleading as Darwin only refers to man once in this book. It was in "Descent of Man" that he addressed the subject of evolution in man. That aside, this is a great book. Darwin wrote one of the most readable scientific texts in history. It also happens to be one of the most important science books in all of history. If you have never read a seminal science book before, treat yourself and see what a pleasure it can be. ... Read more

143. School Neuropsychology : A Practitioner's Handbook
by James B. Hale, Catherine A. Fiorello
list price: $35.00
our price: $35.00
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Asin: 1593850115
Catlog: Book (2004-03-24)
Publisher: The Guilford Press
Sales Rank: 61876
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Book Description

This important resource presents the latest information on brain-behavior relationships and describes ways school practitioners can apply neuropsychological principles in their work with children. Bridging the gap between neuropsychological theory, assessment, and intervention, this accessible text addresses complex topics in a straightforward, easy-to-understand fashion. The authors challenge previous conceptions about brain functions and present the cognitive hypothesis-testing model, an innovative method that helps practitioners form accurate understandings of learner characteristics and conduct meaningful and valid individualized interventions with children with a range of learning and behavior disorders. Including case studies and examples that illustrate what practitioners might actually see and do in the classroom, the volume comes in a large-size format with reproducible worksheets and forms.
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144. The Neuroscience of Social Interactions: Decoding, Influencing, and Imitating the Actions of Others
by Chris Frith, Daniel Wolpert
list price: $59.50
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Asin: 0198529260
Catlog: Book (2004-03-01)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Sales Rank: 121832
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145. The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience
by Francisco J. Varela, Evan T. Thompson, Eleanor Rosch
list price: $30.00
our price: $30.00
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Asin: 0262720213
Catlog: Book (1992-11-13)
Publisher: The MIT Press
Sales Rank: 42643
Average Customer Review: 5 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

a unique, sophisticated treatment of the spontaneous and reflective dimension of human experience ... Read more

Reviews (2)

5-0 out of 5 stars Philosophy of the Body
Reading this book contributed helpfully to my studies of the phenomenology of the embodied experience. The authors argue that we cannot understand ourselves to be isolated bodies controlled by a mind that stands apart from and judges an independent environment. I would recommend this book to anyone who is interested in cognitive science, phenomenological philosophy, philosophies of embodiment, and the relationship of Buddhism to these areas of thought.

5-0 out of 5 stars This book is amazing!
This ranks up there with Chogyam Trungpa's books for clearly presented insights. Trunpa's genius is making Buddhist ideas come alive for Western readers by clearly presenting Buddhist ideas in everyday terms. This book is a wonderful addition to the same delicious feast, building a bridge from Eastern mindfulness/awareness traditions to Western scientific thought. The effect is to improve our understanding of both. Very powerful and thought-provoking. Each page is like a meal. Hungry? Chew this one slowly and enjoy every bite! ... Read more

146. The Accelerated Learning Handbook: A Creative Guide to Designing and Delivering Faster, More Effective Training Programs
by DaveMeier
list price: $32.00
our price: $20.16
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Asin: 0071355472
Catlog: Book (2000-06-29)
Publisher: McGraw-Hill
Sales Rank: 31001
Average Customer Review: 4.67 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

Discover how today's corporations are benefiting from accelerated learning to speed training time, improve results, and reduce costs.

Accelerated learning is the use of music, color, emotion, play, and creativity to involve the whole student and enliven the learning experience. The Accelerated Learning Handbook is the first definitive book to explain state-of-the-art accelerated learning techniques to trainers and teachers, and features 40 techniques designed to save money while producing far better results.

Leading expert Dave Meier provides an overview of the background and underlying principles of accelerated learning, and reviews the latest supporting research results. Training professionals will look to The Accelerated Learning Handbook to:

  • Improve the long-term value of training
  • Cut course development time by half
  • Discover tips for music- and computer-based learning
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Reviews (6)

5-0 out of 5 stars excellent training tool
I was getting ready to prepare a training program for 44 persons when I read this book. Immediately! after I used the guidelines to prepare my session. Preparation was fast and easy -and fun! I really couldn't believe that it was that easy to apply and it has been one of my best sessions to date. I refer to it when I need a refresher or a new perspective. I definately reccomend this book for trainers who need to keep their material fresh and interesting (esp. in-house trainers).

4-0 out of 5 stars Accelerated Learning Handbook
Finally, teachers and administrators have a useful tool to recharge their classrooms/schools. We have become so test oriented that many times we forget that the process of learning comes from the doing. The statement comes to mind that we utter with new approaches," When do I have the time to get it all in?". That is where the problem lies! We are so pressured with these new demands that we loose sight of what is important, the process. This book will give us a clearer picture of how we can recharge our teaching and can provide the key so we can use the ideas to change the way we teach or approach the students' learning who are in our care.

5-0 out of 5 stars Inspirational! This book lives up to its title!
I am a subject matter expert who was occassionally requested to make training presentations. I began to realize that training was my calling. I was then hired to plan training programs. By chance, I ran across this book. After reading the book, I was so inspired I wanted to read it again to ensure that I didn't miss anything important. Here is what happened next. I needed to plan training for professionals in a country I had never visited -- truly a risky venture! Relying on the principles in this book, I designed a program that really involved the participants (the students). For example, in the afternoon of the first day of the workshop, students were meeting with each other in breakout sessions, identifying "promising practices" and "best practices" and making presentations to the whole group. The workshop lasted three days. My supervisors really liked the design of the program. The instructors/facilitators loved participating in the program. And, most importantly, the students/participants loved it so much that I am told to expect twice as many students/participants at the next session. As one instructor/facilitator put it, if the goal of the program was to both create joy and share knowledge, the goal was achieved. Without the information in this book (about how the brain works, about the importance of joy to successful training, about the importance of giving the students/participants the opportunity to create knowledge, etc., etc.), my program would not have been the success that it was. To the author -- Dave Meier (whom I have never met) -- I have these words: "Your book inspired me. It inspired me to design a great training program ... a training program even better than I could have imagined. Because of the importance of the training program, I will look back at the program as one of the great achievements in my life. And I owe it to you. Thank you."

4-0 out of 5 stars Accelerated Learning
The Accelerated Learning Handbook provides wonderful insight to the different senses that must be stimulated in order to create an optimum learning environment. A.L. Theory advocates a very interactive approach that requires less prep time by the trainer while various topics are explored and cooperatively self-taught by participants. Learning is a full body experience. This book seeks to change the ideas in teaching that were developed in the 1800's and never changed. Although the book tends to get repetitive in convincing the reader that American learning has been wrong for 150 years, the book has many very good thought provoking and eye-opening points. Some of the latest brain research (very simplified for those who aren't neurosurgeons) helps to psychologically justify the innovative new ways of teaching and explains how and why certain methods work particularly well while others do not. Large emphasis is placed on how to get away from standard methods of teaching that bombard the student with verbal or written information, expecting them simply to regurgitate that information. Filled with wisdom in the first part of the book and full of creative applications in the latter part, this book is an excellent well-formatted resource that is very easy to read.

5-0 out of 5 stars Designing Training Programs
With the content of this book I have combined three aspects two generate Programs in 50% reducing my time to desing courses and programs. You need combine : The four Phases of Learning with SAVI and the Rapid Instrutional Design (RID) and you get an excellent product : Your Training program or Workshop or Conference faster and very practical. ... Read more

147. Kevin Trudeau's Mega Memory : How To Release Your Superpower Memory In 30 Minutes Or Less A Day
by Kevin Trudeau
list price: $15.00
our price: $10.20
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Asin: 0688153879
Catlog: Book (1997-05-05)
Publisher: Perennial Currents
Sales Rank: 32119
Average Customer Review: 3.7 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

Do you think you have a "bad memory"? Impossible, says Kevin Trudeau, the world's foremost authority on memory improvement training. There are no bad memories, only untrained memories. In order to release our natural photographic memory, Trudeau says, we just need to learn to retrieve what we already know. As founder of the American Memory Institute, Kevin Trudeau has already helped more than one million people do just that.

Each Mega Memory lesson in this book takes no more than thirty minutes per day and uses pictures, rather than the laborious word-association techniques of other memory systems, to activate our inborn photographic memory. With, this easy-to-follow system, you'll be able to instantly remember names, phone numbers, addresses, financial data, speeches, and schoolwork. Even better, Trudeau's system ensures instant recall and long-term Mega Memory. All you need is the desire to unleash your Mega Memory, and you can reap these incredible rewards!

Labeled with a learning disability at an early age,was convinced his problem was an inability to recall information. He read everyhing he could on memory improvement. Eventually, he developed his own program for memory retrieval and formed the American Memory Institute. His Mega Memory home study system is the most utilized self-improvement series of all time. Trudeau lives in Chicago, Illinois.

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Reviews (40)

4-0 out of 5 stars Probably the best book on memory improvment
Kevin Treudeau's Mega memory is probably one of the best book on memory improvment. His book is filled chapter by chapter with detailed instructions and step by step guides. Eveything is well written, organized and fun to learn. Sure, it does seem to treat you like "kid". But I think this approch makes the reader feel like being assisted by a real teacher and is better than just give you a set of basic instructions and let you practice them by yourself like in the tedious and boring "How to develop a super power memory" and "How to develop a perfect memory".

And by the way. I think The Federal Trade Commession seriously needs a lesson on memory study. As far as scientific research shows, true photographic memory doesn't exsist. People who were born with seemingly unbelievble memory abilities were people who born with a different way of processing information, a la visualization. For example, a guy who fell off a horse and injured himself, but after recovery gained the perfect memory. He could remember everything cause he was suddenly able to convert everything he sees or hear into pictures. If you tell him a story, he doesn't just listen, he would make images in his mind of everything he heard. He does this natrually, automatically and did it with every kind of information he could percieve. So, basically, he uses the same techniqueas any memory trainer use, except, he does it natrualy, other people have to do it manully at first. So you can see, you may think TFTC were composed of NASA scientists, but that's just not true.

And if you think memory techniques are useless for you, you might be right. You know there's a reason why none of the those memory geniuses I've ever known were millionires or brilliant scientists.

2-0 out of 5 stars The techniques work, but the book is bad
Before I cut into this book, I have a few things to say up front. The techniques in this book work, there's no reason why they shouldn't, they've been working for years. I have to say, in some cases, I thought Trudeau's peg words were better than others I've read and he does all the usual techniques, albeit with different names.

That being said, I considered the book almost un-readable. After reading the much better "Your Memory" by Kenneth Higby (the best of all the memory books in my opinion), "Use Your Perfect Memory" by Tony Buzan and a couple of Harry Lorayne's books ("How to Develop a Super Powered Memory" and "The Memory Book" with Jerry Lucas), I found this book sub-standard. Trudeau baby feeds the information to the reader, constantly assuming that you are stupid. The amount of repetition is unnecessary, and seems just like padding (why not just tell you to re-read it?). There are a lot of statements like "Ok, now stand up and repeat the words out loud", "Now do it again" etc... He talks down to his readers throughout. If you don't mind that, you'll probably like the book.

On top of that, Trudeau never gives credit where credit is due. He leaves the reader to assume that all of these techniques are his own invention, when they are actually just variants of systems in common use. He uses a variation of a phonetic system created in the mid 1600's but never says as much, maybe he doesn't know. The book often reads like a Mega-Memory advertisement.

Finally, Trudeau gives tons of scientific "facts" about memory and imagery without ever feeling the need to back any of it up with a references (Apple didn't create icons by the way, that was Xerox). He says that you shouldn't take notes because it encourages you to forget what you've written, but saying it out loud enourages you to remember. Saying it out loud gets you to use your vocal cords and "Neruo-muscular memory" kicks in because you're using your vocal course which creates more memory links. What about your eye seeing you write something, your hand muscles moving the pen etc...? Aren't those neuro-muscular too? I don't know how many of the scientific "facts" are true or not, but I saw enough wrong to doubt most of the rest. The whole thing is written in a shoot from the hip fashion without verification from other sources.

All the other books I quoted either supplied references (Higbee), or avoided making scientific statements at all (the rest). Either way, I respect those authors much more.

5-0 out of 5 stars Mega self-confidence!
I used to forget everything: appointments, my umbrela, names, information...etc. Then I started reading memory books but they were all too complicated. One day I read mega memory and started to use it and the results were amazing! People used to take my forgetfulnes for stupidity and my self-confidence was real low. After mega memory I became much more self-confident
and I think this book can help anybody who is serious about improving his/her memory.

3-0 out of 5 stars Yes it works, and it isn't party tricks.
I have been studying memory techniques for about a year now. I am comparing the systems described in this book against those of Harry Lorayne's memory book with Jerry Lucas and against the information I can find about memory techniques on the web and in other books related to learning and visual perception.
Basically all of these books teach the same few basic systems. They are ways to make mnemonics, or memory aids for yourself instead of having to rely on traditional ones or ones that your teacher may have told you. No one that I know of selling these books to teach memory systems actually invented the systems, though they may have added some small thing to the art. The memory systems themselves are ancient, and they have been described in writing as far back in history as writing exists.
I recommend that you read the entire book through from cover to cover before deciding to try out the exercize. I believe having an overview of the methods can be of help, and is not likely to hurt you in any way. Kevin Trudeau suggests otherwise in this book, but I simply disagree with him.
These methods do work and they are not a party trick. They are of most use to those who will shortly be embarking on a program of study, or have jobs which involve public speaking, or require the memorization of numbers or lists. Anyone who deals with people and would benefit from being able to remember them all by name when you see their face, or their telephone numbers, addresses etc.

Applying these methods will require a lot of mental effort at first. Consider it a workout for your mind. You can't workout your body by passively observing the methods of your aerobics class, and you won't develop your memory by passively reading this book either. You don't become fit by buying a membership to a gym, it takes going and doing the exercises. It is the same with this book, you won't get a fit memory by buying the book, you have to do the exercises. And then you have to have enough imagination to apply the methods to what you want to remember in your daily life.
I prefer Trudeau's style of presentation to Harry Lorayne's. I think the prose sections of the book and the recommended schedule for doing the exercises help you to want to come back to it more, and give you a better idea of what you are doing. Mostly I think that Trudeau has improved on Lorayne's method by introducing other senses, besides just vision, into the imagined links. This approach will help more people. Though Lorayne's book is otherwise good enough, and I prefer the clarity with which he introduces the essentials.

4-0 out of 5 stars As a claims adjuster.
I have used this book to successfully remember several numbers. I'm still not sure if this book isn't just a bunch of party tricks, but we will see in time. I would have to say that so far it seems to be working.... I just don't like the charges against Mr. Trudeau. That seems to bother me a bit. Before I saw those charges I seemed to be pretty satisfied. ... Read more

148. Children's Thinking (4th Edition)
by Robert S. Siegler, Martha W. Alibali
list price: $70.40
our price: $70.40
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Asin: 0131113844
Catlog: Book (2004-06-09)
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Sales Rank: 272034
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Book Description

This book offers a unified account of the major research findings and theories on the development of children's thinking from infancy to adolescence; and also considers their practical implications. It examines the change processes through which development occurs, as well as the nature of the changes in language, perception, memory, conceptual understanding, and problem-solving that mark cognitive development. Eight central themes presented in the first chapter integrate and unify the presentation.The authors examine Piaget's theory of development, information-processing theories of development, sociocultural theories, perceptual development, language development, memory development, conceptual development, problem solving, social cognition and the development of academic skills.For anyone involved in the thinking processes and development of children. ... Read more

149. Myth of Monogamy: Fidelity and Infidelity in Animals and People
by David P. Barash Ph.D., Judith Eve Lipton M.D.
list price: $24.95
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Asin: 0716740044
Catlog: Book (2001-04-01)
Publisher: W.H. Freeman & Company
Sales Rank: 109745
Average Customer Review: 3.5 out of 5 stars
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Shattering deeply held beliefs about sexual relationships in humans and other animals, The Myth of Monogamy is a much needed treatment of a sensitive issue. Written by the husband and wife team of behavioral scientist David P. Barash and psychiatrist Judith Eve Lipton, it glows with wit and warmth even as it explores decades of research undermining traditional precepts of mating rituals. Evidence from genetic testing has been devastating to those seeking monogamy in the animal kingdom; even many birds, long prized as examples of fidelity, turn out to have a high incidence of extra-pair couplings. Furthermore, now that researchers have turned their attention to female sexual behavior, they are finding more and more examples of aggressive adultery-seeking in "the fairer sex." Writing about humans in the context of parental involvement, the authors find complexity and humor:

Baby people are more like baby birds than baby mammals. To be sure, newborn cats and dogs are helpless, but this helplessness doesn't last for long. By contrast, infant Homo sapiens remain helpless for months ... and then they become helpless toddlers! Who in turn graduate to being virtually helpless youngsters. (And then? Clueless adolescents.) So there may be some payoff to women in being mated to a monogamous man, after all.

Careful to separate scientific description from moral prescription, Barash and Lipton still poke a little fun at our conceptions of monogamy and other kinds of relationships as "natural" or "unnatural." Shoring themselves up against the inevitable charges that their reporting will weaken the institution of marriage, they make sure to note that monogamy works well for most of those who desire it and that one of our uniquely human traits is our ability to overcome biology in some instances. If, as some claim, monogamy has been a tool used by men to assert property rights over women, then perhaps one day The Myth of Monogamy will be seen as a milestone for women's liberation. --Rob Lightner ... Read more

Reviews (14)

5-0 out of 5 stars The Truth Is Revealed, But Choice Is Always Ours
What I mean by "Truth is revealed, the choice is ours", is the theme of this review. It is also the message in the book, although many readers have misinterpreted the entire theme, believing the co-authors, David P. Barash and Judith E. Lipton, are simply feeding us hard reality and crushing dreams of blissful and faithful marriage. David and Judith are experienced, older scientists, specializing in the observation of birds and apes, with a profound understanding of logic, human emotions, sociobiology and biology in general. They both hold high degrees- Judith has an M.D. and David holds a Ph.D. It is noteworthy, also, that they are a happily married couple and have been so for many years. Their real message and theme from this outstanding book is that although by nature, humans are generally not faithful to their long-term mate (spouse, boyfriend, girlfriend), we have evolved so much that we can chose to be faithful and monogamous to our partner and truly be satisfied, fulfilled and completely happy. Monogamy is not extinct, it is rare. Half of all marriages end in divorce. When a couple has been together for many years, it's world news. It is the greatest partnership, relationship, union, and the most peaceful, happiest and fullest feeling. But it is always the individual's choice. If a partner cannot remain faithful, we now have a reason and explanation for it.

The reason why so many find it difficult to be faithful to their partner for a long time, is biological. Originally, before an evolved society with its ground rules grew from primitive communism, the homo sapien men were polygamous, especially because genetically, nature demanded variety from their offspring. Incest, of course, was formerly practiced to keep a family bloodline, true even to the highest societies, royal dynasties of ancient Egypt, etc. There was a time when free will seemed to bother no one, and men had many wives, shared partners and even shared land. But eventually, power and property was established, much like class systems, and it came to be a violation when someone "outside" the group took one of the wives from another male. Feeling of jealousy and ownership were established and so, when religion began to take over people's consciousness, they labeled this "taking", "adultery". The biological needs of women are important in the scene, as well, in fact, perhaps the most important link. Women's sex cells contain life-giving ovum, enabling them to bear children, and because they are so few and rare in them, they are selective about their sexual/romantic/etc partners. They are far more choosy because it is going to reflect on the ensuing progeny, their children. Men's sperm is abundant and cheap, and they are less selective. It's all down to our biological make-up. This book is very casual about the whole matter and contains not only very scientifically accurate truth, but very genuine humor and witty lines, making reading this book very enjoyable.

This book is very insightful, and opened my eyes about sex, relationships and the many unbreakable "differences" between men and women, such as why do women like tall men ? Why are men so attracted to larger breasts, why are men far more visual and enjoy pornography and why do women act demure and modest in order to attract their mate before showcasing their wild sexual abandon ? These all contain biological reasons. But this does not mean that men are women are not equals, nor are we forever ruled by "animal instincts". We are more intelligent than the animals and have evolved so wonderfully, that we can now chose to be married for a long time with a single mate and live happily ever after.

5-0 out of 5 stars A provocative and -- at times -- humorous look at monomgamy
In this book, authors Lipton and Barash take a look at mating patterns throughout the animal kingdom (though they seem to spend more time on behavior in birds than on other animals). The conclusions they draw can be anticipated from the title -- that monogamy is not natural, at least based on biological, physiological, anthropological, and other evidence, and in fact is not as widely practiced as once thought. However, this is not to say, as some reviewers seem to think, that they believe that monogamy is thereby unnatural. In fact, in one place they say, "...even if human beings were more rigidly controlled by their biology, it would be absurd to claim that monogamy is unnatural or abnormal, especially since it was doubtless the way most people lived..." (p. 153) And later on, they affirm that "human inclinations may be able to fit whatever matrimonial pattern happens to exist in the society they happen to experience." But monogamy does go against the grain of human nature, according to the authors, and so you have to work at it.

A delightful aspect of the book is its humor. For example: "Nothing succeeds, we are told, like success. And indeed, social success...succeeds mightily when it comes to securing extra-pair copulations. (Maybe this is what Henry Kissinger meant when he noted that 'power is the best aphrodisiac.')"

All in all, this is a very provocative book. Because it draws a conclusion that goes against the grain of our culture's (though not all human cultures') norms, some people may find it offensive (as seen from other reviews). But the authors make their case convincingly (their case being that monogamy doesn't come naturally to human beings, but that doesn't mean that it can't be done) and it would be hard to refute their argument based on the evidence of evolutionary biology, which is the framework in which they are operating.

Like any book, you shouldn't take other people's opinions at face value. Read the book and judge for yourself.

5-0 out of 5 stars "We are biological creatures . . . "
Keep that notion in mind as you follow the authors on their marvelous tour of sexual behaviour in all nature. Most of us were raised with the notion that humans "must" be monogamous. Often, animals such as swans or foxes were held up as examples to emulate. Barash and Lipton expose the hollow basis of these examples. The notion of human monogamy becomes a fragile ideal - nature, and we are part of nature, is anything but monogamous. In a book combining solid science and entertaining prose, this pair have produced an informal, but information-packed review of new finds in the sexual behaviour of a wealth of species.

One small flaw must be dealt with first - sexual behaviour studies must retreat from overuse of the poor screw-worm fly. The authors cannot resist numerous word plays on the poor creature's name. As the subject of an early attempt at controlling pest populations, the screw-worm fly initiated the host of studies of sexual behaviour among animals. Barash and Lipton describe sterilization of this insect as largely successful, reducing its population significantly. Screw-
worm flies are monogamous, which reinforced the notion as predominant in nature. However, a 1970s groundbreaking paper indicated monogamy might not be universal in animals. From that start a wealth of new studies demonstrated that it was monogamy that was rare, not the reverse. The screw-worm fly turned out to be a rare exception to the rule, and the basis of comparison for the later research.

Bowing to the expected abuse of "anthropomorphising" biology, the authors eschew "adultry" in favour of EPC [Extra Pair Copulation] in describing the common practice in nature. They show the distinction between "social" and "sexual" pairing. Social pairing includes nest building, territorial defence, raising offspring and other "family matters." Copulation itself, they show, has many more factors involved than simply insemination. Mates must be available, attractive or both. Age, health, even "marital status" may be taken into consideration. And these factors are weighed for "adultery" in animals! Males might need a special physiology or the ability to prevent EPC, even while seeking to achieve it on their own.

As they must, the authors arrive at last at humans. Noting how difficult research on human sexual behaviour is to document, they cite, albeit with many reservations, several noteworthy studies. If nothing else, the work proclaims that monogamy among humans is not the "norm." In relating the studies, they present anthropological data, surveys of modern societies and clinical studies. The authors grind no axes and are quick to criticise studies they feel are suspect. The dearth of valid data, however, leads them to present any plausible suggestion that seems either supportable or capable of further investigation. Throughout the narrative they insist that no predictable pattern can be applied to humans any more than with the other animals. Even our closest relatives all retain individuality among their members.

A running theme in the book is the authors' call for more research. How do female blue tits judge the ability of some males to resist winter cold more than others. "No one knows. [Yet]" and similar statements permeate the book. Anyone fearing there is little in biology left to investigate should read this. The sparseness of their references certainly supports this plea. While much work has been done, particularly in recent years, an immense range of study topics remains to be investigated. Younger readers should seriously consider the number of topics requiring clarification. A valuable book for these and many reasons.

1-0 out of 5 stars Humans are quite different from birds
What makes us different from birds and animals is our ability to feel compassion towards one another. A biological explanation of polygamy in birds and animals does little to prove that humans should mindlessly follow their own animal nature. If we did, we wouldn't be much different from animals. Ability to spare our loved ones of the deep hurt that is inevitably caused by infidelity, - and ability to restrain our animal instincts out of compassion towards another human being, - is what makes us human.

5-0 out of 5 stars Thought Provoking..
Monogamy is a sensitive, yet alluring, subject from both a biological and sociological standpoint. Ever since the founding of sociobiology by people like Edward Wilson, scientists (among many others) have been intrigued by the thought of just how dominant our genetic code is with respect to our behavior, as compared to the dominance of society's enforcement of it's contrived morals. Wilson once stated that culture is on a leash held by Genes, and one could claim equally that our genes are on a leash held by society. This book is a delightfully written perspective that deals with the intersection of those two powers in a way that is both enlightened and nonjudgemental.

The authors give an excellent review of how genetic fingerprinting has dispelled the here-to-fore assumed monagamy of a host of different animal species, and quote a number of respectable studies in the process. The astounding and outstanding result is the realization of just how rare it is to find any animal species that is totally monogamous in nature, and humans are animals that happen to not be totally monogamous---by their very "nature". This begs the question "is adultery therefore natural, and hence forgivable?" Will Durant once adressed this issue by noting that many of our current vices were once indispensable virtues in the struggle for survival, and in keeping with this observation, it would seem reasonable to posit the idea that humans havent had enough time to evolve biologically or culturally beyond certain genetic features that have outlived their primal usefulness, and yet continue to stubbornly hang on--despite societal taboos. "Myth of Monogamy" is a book that helps to highlight that struggle without presuming to tell the reader what their ultimate conclusions should be. As such it remains to its end a fairly objective look at a very sensitive subject.

Finally, and gratefully, this book is well written, with generous amounts of humor thrown in to keep the reader's attention, and perhaps to help him or her to maintain a healthy perspective throughout their reading of it---I actually laughed out loud several times, which I cant say is all that common when reading a scientific text.. This is a thoroughly enjoyable read. ... Read more

150. Modern Man in Search of a Soul (Harvest Book)
by Carl Gustav Jung
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Asin: 0156612062
Catlog: Book (1955-06-01)
Publisher: Harvest/HBJ Book
Sales Rank: 20572
Average Customer Review: 4.88 out of 5 stars
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Reviews (8)

4-0 out of 5 stars An excellent work, but one problem
This is an excellent introduction to Jungian psychology - it's well presented, clear, concise, and full of information. It proved in my case to be very stimulating, and I found myself pondering the ideas presented for some time.

Why then, do I award only four stars? Because the title is no longer appropriate. It is not a book exclusively about modern man, but rather, about man as he was seventy years ago. Some of the concepts seem to describe very accurately the state of mind that mankind was experiencing in Jung's time, but today they won't be observed with any great consistency - they are no longer appropriate. That being said, the book outlines the general principles in such a logical way that one may apply them to the world around them, seeing the similarities and differences between Jung's world and their own for themselves.

Worthwhile reading for anyone interested in psychology, or simply expanding their view of life - puts a wide range of life's issues in perspective.

5-0 out of 5 stars A rich and filling anthology
The eleven chapters in this work are lectures (except for one) delivered by Jung prior to 1933 (date of publication of this book). For those of you who already own some or most of Jung's Collected Works (CW), it may be unnecessary to purchase this title. I found this out too late since in my haste I failed to check the table of contents graciously provided for by Amazon on this web page. So for the benefit of those who are intending to buy this title I have listed below all the chapters and the corresponding volume of the CW where these same essays can be found (note: translations in this work and those in the CW may differ slightly as exemplified by the change in the title of the first chapter).

Table of Contents

1. Dream Analysis in Its Practical Application
["The Practical Use of Dream Analysis", in CW 16]

2. Problems of Modern Psychotherapy
[in CW 16]

3. The Aims of Psychotherapy
[in CW 16]

4. A Psychological Theory of Types
[in CW 6 (one of the four essays in the appendix)]

5. The Stages of Life
[in CW 8]

6. Freud and Jung--Contrasts
[in CW 4]

7. Archaic Man
[in CW 10]

8. Psychology and Literature
[in CW 15]

9. The Basic Postulates of Analytical Psychology
[in CW 8]

10. The Spiritual Problem of Modern Man
[in CW 10]

11. Psychotherapists or the Clergy
[in CW 11]

Notwithstanding the fact that all chapters can be found in the CW, this anthology of Jung's essays is a rich and filling smorgasbord of his thoughts, ideas, theories, and opinions about the psyche around the time he was 50. Although I am disappointed that I purchased a title I practically don't need (having a good number of the CW already) I can hardly give this anthology less than five stars. Nearly all of Jung's works deserve nothing less.

And whether you're new to Jung or not, a must-read is his _Memories, Dreams, Reflections_, a work that he undertook during the last few years of his life, one which is definitely not to be found in the CW.

5-0 out of 5 stars The best place to start reading Jung
_Modern Man in Search of a Soul_ is the first book you should read by Jung. That is not to say that it is particularly easy; it is by no means a watered-down layman's version of Jung. This is Jung at full intensity. It is an ideal introduction simply because it deals with his more accessable concepts, such as the actual practice of psychotherapy, the doctor-patient relationship, the types of things a doctor should say to his patients, ect. It also deals with broader sociological issues and does not get bogged down with esoteric concepts such as alchemy and ancient mythology. Overall, I would say this is a perfectly crafted philosophical/psychological work. It is potent, miserly, well-written, well-translated, and never gets bogged down with unreadable, esoteric sections. It is not as far-reaching and revolutionary as some of Jung's works, but it is a magnificent work of art pared down to the absolute essentials. Overall it is one of the top five books ever written, by any author, from any genre or time period. Also, as a side note, I would recomend _Psychotherapy East and West_ by the American author Alan Watts as a companion piece to Jung's _Modern Man in Search of a Soul_.

5-0 out of 5 stars Best Jung book for the layperson
This book was written with the layman in mind, the book examines the average person's need to find his soul. All of the ideas in this book are still as valid as they were when the book was first written. But the need for this book is more than ever.

5-0 out of 5 stars Modern Man Review
This book is page after page of intelligent insight into the psyche of man. He oscillates back an forth between practical understanding of self and others, and therapy scenarios between doctor and patient. This book exemplifies the kind of thought that will elevate and evolve the common man beyond what we are and have been. He illuminates the logical next steps forward in personal evolution by sharing what amounts to his intimate knowledge of the human condition. Jung gives credit to his audience in that he trusts us to follow his thought with understanding and one feels growing responsiblity with every newly illuminated concept. Please enjoy this book. Let this man's work reach you. ... Read more

151. Human Memory
by Ian Neath, Aimee Surprenant
list price: $85.95
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Asin: 0534595626
Catlog: Book (2002-12-03)
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
Sales Rank: 209094
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Book Description

This book balances coverage of theory, research, and data in order to promote a more complete understanding of how human memory works. The book strikes a balance between historically significant findings and current research. Actual experiments, both paper and pencil and online demonstrations, are included to help students see the link between theory and data. ... Read more

152. In Search of Understanding: The Case for Constructivist Classrooms
by Jacqueline Grennon Brooks, Martin G. Brooks
list price: $16.95
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Asin: 0871203588
Catlog: Book (1999-07-25)
Publisher: Association for Supervision & Curriculum Deve
Sales Rank: 83505
Average Customer Review: 2.88 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

The activities that transpire within the classroom either help or hinder students'

learning. Any meaningful discussion of educational renewal, therefore, must focus explicitly and

directly on the classroom, and on the teaching and learning that occur within it. This book

presents a case for the development of classrooms in which students are encouraged to construct

deep understandings of important concepts.

Jacqueline Grennon Brooks and Martin Brooks present a new set of images for educational

settings, images that emerge from student engagement, interaction, reflection, and construction.

They have considerable experience in creating constructivist educational settings and conducting

research on those settings. Authentic examples are provided throughout the book, as are

suggestions for administrators, teachers, and policymakers.

For the new edition of their popular book, the authors have written an introduction that places

their work in today's educational renewal setting. Today, they urge, the case for constructivist

classrooms is much stronger and the need more critical. ... Read more

Reviews (8)

1-0 out of 5 stars Parallax View of the Classroom
The author's case for constructivism is predicated on unrealistic notions not only concerning the realities of education, but also the fundamentals of social diversity. The book seems to take the view that the more radical a notion is the more bookworthy it becomes. This concept is promoted by outlandish recommendations that clearly could not be practically implemented ... or even reasonable to consider. The author does not provide empirical evidence to support his opinion. The author seems to rely on a self-aggrandizing style to entrap other educators who may embrace his liberal ideas more as a defense against being labeled the traditionalist villian in this fictional work. Any educator who embraces this book has a parallax view of the classroom ... one that is upside down and inside out. In that case, the problem is not the classroom, but the teacher.

1-0 out of 5 stars In Search of Understanding: The Case for Constructivist Clas
Do you teach in a classroom in which there are no behavior problems. Where students sit at there desks with arms folded and smiles on their faces, eager to jump at the challenge you are about to put before them? No? This book assumes you do. Not only is this book an excersize in Utopia, it is very liberal by design. Several times, known communists are quoted and their ideas taken as gospel. Do you want our children being taught by a teacher following a socialist agenda? Do you want to teach your classroom in this manner? Then do not follow this book. The book is peppered with a few good ideas, but I have a problem with the message delivered. Comments such as "truth is often a matter of interpetation", and "grades are used to communicate that some students are smarter than others" are liberal ideas communicated throughout this book. If you want to improve your teaching by using research based instructional strategies, there are many pieces available that address this without being so radical.

5-0 out of 5 stars Short and Sweet and to the Point
I first read the 1993 edition in 1993, and I was sold on it. There is no more clear nor concise book on constructivist instructional design in the business. The book is practical and can be read quickly. It doesn't get bogged down in too much jargon or theory. I object to one critic who claims the book is "ivory tower" and leans to much on science and math examples. The book is just the opposite from "ivory tower" and as for math and science examples, as a science teacher who spent years reading theory pitched toward humanities teachers that I had to adapt to my realm, I found this book refreshing. I would counter that creative,constructivist, dedicated teachers of English, World Languages, and Social Sciences would be able to adapt the Brookses's examples to their fields with ease.

1-0 out of 5 stars A Weak Effort
The fact that this book is written by a science professor and a district superintendent should say it all. The lack of day-to-day contact with public school classrooms shines through. This book is ivory tower thinking.

The anecdotal examples of constructivist classroom activities are nice, but they lean toward the math and science (surprise, surprise) where constructivist/problem solving activities should come rather naturally. Although the end of the book tries to save itself with six ways a teacher/educational system can be more progressive, the book all but ignores language arts and history (save one or two elementary anecdotes) and completely fails to make any sort of "case" for constructivism, as the title promises.

In education, it seems that anything goes. We want our students to build their knowledge in an independent fashion so we give lip-service to constructivist methods, and yet, with pressures of testing purely constructivist classrooms are simply not possible. For constructivism to work, there must be (a)a philosophical systemic change, (b)additional class time, and (c) a student culture interested in learning. None of these items are seriously addressed in the authors' nonexistent 'case'. Books by William Glasser, Alfie Kohn and Howard Gardner do a much better job of making a case and laying groundwork for progressivist classrooms.

All constructivist teachers should thank the lecture-style teachers who came before and actually taught students something. Without "prior knowledge," constructivism is an empty and vain endeavor, an exercise in futility. This book didn't address any studies on constructivist-taught students' ability to perform better on multiple choice tests. In fact, it talked down to multiple choice testing (of course), ignoring that such tests are the way--whether we like it or not--that students make it through the system. Not preparing them for such tests is a disservice, and contrary to the opinion of the author, there are multiple choice tests that engender inductive and inferential thinking.

Find another book to buy if you want enlightenment. The fact that teachers say they get something out of this book scares me. As an AP Lit teacher, I found this book was not the least bit enlightening.

5-0 out of 5 stars More epiphanies than cacophonies
What I like most about this short, useful book, about this accessible, practical guide to constructivist teaching, about this handy guide, what I like most about this book is that it lays a foundation for much of the work that we are attempting to achieve with our curricular efforts using Understanding by Design. Written prior to Wiggins and McTieghe's works, The Case for Constructivist Classrooms supplies an epistemological background that places the UbD work into a workable context.
My reading gave me at least two epiphanies. First, while reading, I came to realize that most of my prior teaching, even with very good intentions, aims at a broad shot approach; if the student is on the same bandwidth, she will connect with me, but if not, the signal never picks up an audience while I simply keep broadcasting. My traditional teaching approaches, albeit well intentioned, never probe for deeper understanding because my methodologies never go there. That is, how can I expect my students to achieve deeper understanding when I do not allow them time to make inquiries? By keeping it shallow (due to time, coverage, and efficiency concerns), should I be surprised that their knowledge never runs deeply? Brooks and Brooks quote one of my favorite authors, Jerome Bruner, from his book, The Process of Education (1971), "Of only one thing am I convinced: I have never seen anybody improve in the art and technique of inquiry by any means other than engaging in inquiry." For Bruner, it seems, inquiry begets inquiry. If inquiry becomes the means of operation, knowledge will grow organicly, systemically, and finally, deeply.
Second, I came to realize how a classroom built on constructivist methodologies provides an educational culture that naturally engenders curiosity (something that seems to be utterly squelched in the middle school years) in students. Curiosity should not be the only realm of novice learner; rather, it must be the fuel converter that continually processes and assimilates inquiries into practical, working knowledge for the mature learner. The constructivist classroom works to nourish curiosity and encourage it. Therefore, it might mean that the classroom looks messy, is noisy, and lack efficiency, but oh well. The greater good of garnering curiosity in our students and just maybe, creating a life-long learner, outweighs the need for tidy rows and scope and sequence itineraries. The cacophonous newsroom and the cluttered studio seem to be better models for constructivist classrooms, not the factory model of bells and whistles.
Therefore, I urge you to read and take note of this sleeper. ... Read more

153. Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule
by Ann Laura Stoler
list price: $21.95
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Asin: 0520231112
Catlog: Book (2002-09-02)
Publisher: University of California Press
Sales Rank: 90396
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Book Description

Why, Ann Laura Stoler asks, was the management of sexual arrangements and affective attachments so critical to the making of colonial categories and to what distinguished ruler from ruled? Contending that social classification is not a benign cultural act but a potent political one, Stoler shows that matters of the intimate were absolutely central to imperial politics. It was, after all, in the intimate sphere of home and servants that European children learned what they were required to learn of place and race. Gender-specific sexual sanctions, too, were squarely at the heart of imperial rule, and European supremacy was asserted in terms of national and racial virility. Stoler looks discerningly at the way cultural competencies and sensibilities entered into the construction of race in the colonial context and proposes that "cultural racism" in fact predates its postmodern discovery. Her acute analysis of colonial Indonesian society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries yields insights that translate to a global, comparative perspective. 42 b/w photographs ... Read more

154. Positive Child Guidance
by Darla Ferris Miller
list price: $55.95
our price: $55.95
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Asin: 1401812562
Catlog: Book (2003-07-01)
Publisher: Delmar Publishers
Sales Rank: 223931
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Book Description

Positive Child Guidance, 3E assists students in developing effective strategies for dealing with the behavior of young children. It provides tools for supporting the long-term development of responsibility, self-confidence and self-control in children. Beginning with the premise that children should become cooperative members of a democratic society, the text outlines the theory, as well as the practical guidance strategies, needed to achieve this goal. With a warm, engaging and meaningful style, Positive Child Guidance embraces a philosophy of deep respect for the unique qualities of individual children, while also providing detailed, real-world strategies for dealing with the myriad of behaviors that children exhibit. ... Read more

155. Thinking (3rd Edition)
by Gary R. Kirby, Jeffery R. Goodpaster
list price: $46.33
our price: $46.33
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Asin: 0130923915
Catlog: Book (2001-06-28)
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Sales Rank: 314026
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Book Description

Thisbook was written to give teachers and students a better and morecomprehensive critical thinking book; one that presents aninterdisciplinary, systematic, practical, and friendly approach tothinking—a valuable skill that can enlarge the readers/students' ability tothink through life.The Second Edition reflects theanalyses, ideas, and support of the teachers, reviewers, editors, and studentswho contributed their feedback. ... Read more

156. ANSWERS TO DISTRACTION : The Authors of Driven to Distraction Respond to...
list price: $21.00
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Asin: 0679439730
Catlog: Book (1995-01-15)
Publisher: Pantheon
Sales Rank: 187109
Average Customer Review: 4.21 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

From the authors of Driven to Distraction--their bestselling study of Attention Deficit Disorder--here is a new book that answers the most frequently asked questions about ADD. The result is a "user's guide to the disorder presented in a question-and-answer format. Accessible, concise, and leavened with humor, Answers to Distraction is an indispensable volume for the estimated 15 million Americans with ADD, and for their families, friends, teachers, psychologists, and counselors. ... Read more

Reviews (14)

5-0 out of 5 stars The first book to be included in your ADHD library
Dr. Hallowell & Dr. Ratey have written two books that are considered the gold standard of material on the subject of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This book, and its predescessor Driven To Distraction, share equally in providing the basics about the disorder in children, and adults. The format is easy to read and gives people who are new to understanding the disorder an overview of what it feels like to be ADHD. The chapter on Anger, "The gemlike flame", will take you step by step on how the ADD mind processes an incident that results in frustration and temper outbursts. Only from working with hundreds of people could Hallowell & Ratey detail this information in such an understandable format. In fact, this is the book that allowed me to be diagnosed with ADHD as a 36 year old adult, even though I had been diagnosed "hyperactive" as a young child back in the seventies when it was assumed the disorder went away with the onset of puberty!

5-0 out of 5 stars A Step in the Right Direction
This tape along with it's predecessor Driven To Distraction are must "reads". Like many others that are faced with the fact that they have ADHD or ADD, I too have difficulty getting through an entire book that is so full of information. But this audio version was a savior for me. I am a firm believer in books on tape and these ones helped me learn about myself so fully that it brought tears to my eyes (thankfully I wasn't driving at the time). I have two sons that have been diagnosed with ADD and have made marked improvement in school since we found out and started treating them. But these tapes helped me focus on the fact that I too suffer from the disorder and how it has channelled my life through the years. I would whole heartedly reccommend these tapes for anyone that has an interest in these disorders, from teachers to parents to sufferers like myself. Also the books by Russell A Barkley, he is a VERY thoughtful man that also has tapes available.

5-0 out of 5 stars Great AD/HD Resource
This a great AD/HD resource. The book is written in a very ADD friendly Q & A format. This book will anser many commonly asked AD/HD related questions. Many of the questioned answered are ones that you may have always wanted to know but were afried to ask.

This a great book to add your AD/HD Library.

4-0 out of 5 stars I'll show you my disease if you show me yours! Respond
That made me laugh. I have to ask do you believe in AIDS? Do you believe in cancer? Do you think people in wheel chairs can walk? If so way? Have you had any of them? Do you really know what they are like? How do you know they are real? How because science tells you and that same science also has done brain scans on people with AD/HD and has proven that it is real.

So I know people without ADD can have some traits of ADD like forgetting things, sure some people can be just like that but when you forget your own birthday, always lose your keys etc, never organised, can't concentrate for more then about 2 minutes, never on time for anything, poor sleeping habits, trouble learning what others find easy etc would you like me to go on?

If they sound like normal people to me god help us all.

3-0 out of 5 stars Answers to Review
Please disregard the top statement about ADHD being a medical fad. Obviously, he/she has never gone through a day of having ADHD. If this ADHD thing is such a fad, as he/she claims, then explain why studies have shown that well over 50% of those diagnosed with ADHD report major improvements after medication. ADHD research is not perfect, but it has benefited way too many people in this world to pass it off as just an excuse to sell pills.

I guarantee that the reviewer would not be diagnosed with ADHD, as he/she suggests. Doctors go through a series of questioning, and you will only be diagnosed unless your symptoms go over a certain threshold. You don't just get labeled with ADHD because you're forgetful or sometimes hyper; you have to display a certain level of symptoms. In extreme cases, it's almost impossible to deny: blurting out comments for no apparent reason, complete inability to sit still, etc....

ADHD research is not perfect. But just because it doesn't work for you or your family does not mean it applies to everyone. I'm sorry that your child was misdiagnosed, but a lot of people are diagnosed and helped. But for those who want to find information, I have (and most psychologists I know) recommended "Driven to Distraction". It's pretty much the most basic book you can find on the subject. If you are one of the fairly small percentage of adults who are constantly frustrated by a brain malfunction that makes you feel stupid (even though you know you're not), then please at least do the research. It couldn't hurt you to arm yourself with more information. ... Read more

157. Rational Choice in an Uncertain World : The Psychology of Judgement and Decision Making
by Reid Hastie, Robyn M. Dawes
list price: $56.95
our price: $56.95
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Asin: 076192275X
Catlog: Book (2001-06-15)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Sales Rank: 52839
Average Customer Review: 4.75 out of 5 stars
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Book Description

When faced with an important decision, we are often on our own to think through what we might do and what the probable consequences of out behaviors are. As we make these judgments, it is important that we be able to communicate precisely and fluently with one another. In Rational Choice in an Uncertain World, renowned authors Hastie and Dawes compare the basic principles of rationality with actual behavior in making decisions. They describe theories and research finding from the field of judgment and decision making in a non-technical manner, using anecdotes as a teaching device. Intended as an introductory textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, the material not only is of scholarly interest but is practical as well.

In this volume, you’ll find:

  • New, student-friendly chapter introductions and conclusions
  • Practical, everyday examples from the fields of finance, medicine, law and engineering
  • Comprehensive, up-to-date information keeping pace with changing ideas within the field

Additional discussion of the descriptive, psychological models of decision making to expand upon the original emphasis on normative, rational, expected utility models 

... Read more

Reviews (4)

4-0 out of 5 stars An interesting read
I read this book as part of a college course on cognition. It was defintely the most interesting of the 3 books we read in this class.

The book effectively teaches you how to go about making well-thought-out decisions. The text in itself is easy to read and comprehend. There are also many apt examples, both abstract and from everyday life. This combination ensures a successful reading of this book.

While I would have probably never read this book if not for the class I took, I'm glad I did and would recommend this people from all walks of life. Being able to make a good, well-thought-out, rational decision is the best skill one can have.

5-0 out of 5 stars Helps you understand decisions -- and life, too
The authors emphasize that decision-making is a skill that can be learned and improved. As I work with career changers, I have become convinced that most of us have not learned this skill, and most of us could benefit from a careful reading of this book.

Hastie and Dawes present results of scientific psychological research, using language that is easy for the ordinary person to understand. Their examples come from everyday life and news stories: Chernobyl, the "hot hand" theory of basketball, mammography.

I would also recommend this book to any students of psychology, including those entering graduate school in social psychology, marketing or management. Hastie and Dawes demonstrate that academic studies needn't be dry, but in fact yield fascinating conclusions that are widely relevant. At the same time, they show the way researchers think and introduce the notion of probability in a way that makes readers want to learn more.

5-0 out of 5 stars A great update to a classic
The addition of Reid Hastie as an author to Robyn Dawes' classic text on judgment and decision making was superb choice. This edition appears to be written very much in Hastie's voice, from the perspective of a cognitive psychologist. Moreover, we find additional attention paid to algebraic models, which was something that was missing from previous editions. Hastie and Dawes ranks as one of the essential readings for the judgment and decision-making field.

5-0 out of 5 stars A must for all Decision Analysis Consultants
As a management consultant working with clients to make higher quality decisions, I have made many observations of how people (especially executives and groups) make business decisions. But observing how they make decisions is different than "why" they decide what they decide. This book provides so much insight into the "why" it is definitely worth the reading. While the book is very valuable on the "why" it is a little dated on state of the art analytic decision techniques. But with that said, I would highly recommend this book to any consultant (OE, OD, DA, etc.) working with individuals or groups where decisions are being made. ... Read more

158. The Logic of Failure
by Dietrich Dorner, Rita Kimber, Robert Kimber
list price: $19.00
our price: $12.92
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Asin: 0201479486
Catlog: Book (1996-01-15)
Publisher: Perseus Books Group
Sales Rank: 25943
Average Customer Review: 4.6 out of 5 stars
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Reviews (20)

5-0 out of 5 stars Oversteer
A great book; a keystone of my management science bookshelf that continues to influence my day-to-day thinking 4 years after the first read.

This book goes well beyond a mere summary of Dorner's research. His work investigates the fundamental flaw in human behavior that drives us over and over again to make the wrong decisions: oversteer.

If you have only 30 minutes, order this book and read just the chapter on Chernobyl-- the only intelligent analysis of the disaster I have ever encountered. Chilling.

5-0 out of 5 stars Essential Reading for Business and Govt Leaders
Wow - a superb analysis of why we fail even when doing things right! The lessons contained herein are invaluable to every professional, and more so for those who are in critical decision making and leadership roles. The fallacy of our thinking is something we dont like to admit or understand, this book reveals the pitfalls of the same. You will need some guts to read and understand this book since it will uncover flaws that you will probably hate to admit.
In some places the translation could have been better, however that should not prevent anyone from reading this book. I suggest "Dont just read - but grasp the lessons." It may take more than one reading to get a better understanding, but that investment of time will be well worth the effort. Equally important - reflect on what you read as you try to assimilate the material discussed.

5-0 out of 5 stars Wow! Bloody brilliant!
In clear language citing specific studies and without dogma, Dietrich Dorner, et al, shows why we make the wrong decisions and why, sometimes, we make the right ones. It does not have "An Answer" or even a simple set of rules to follow: different situations call for different responses, and The Logic of Failure clearly explains that.

5-0 out of 5 stars What makes people poor problem solvers?
Dietrich Dörner is an authority on cognitive behavior and a psychology professor at the University of Bamberg, Germany. His research shows that our habits as problem solvers are typically counterproductive.

Probably our main shortcoming is that we like to oversimplify problems. Dörner offers a long list of self-defeating behaviors, but common to all of them is our reluctance to see any problem is part of a whole system of interacting factors. Any problem is much more complex than we like to believe. And failure doesn't have to come from incompetence. The operators of the Chernobyl reactor, as Dörner points out, were "experts." And as experts, they ignored safety standards because they "knew what they were doing."

Dörner identifies four habits of mind and characteristics of thought that account for the frequency of our failures:
1. The slowness of our thinking-We streamline the process of problem solving to save time and energy.
2. Our wish to feel confident and competent in our problem solving abilities-We try to repeat past successes.
3. Our inability to absorb quickly and retain large amounts of information-We prefer unmoving mental models, which cannot capture a dynamic, ever-changing process.
4. Our tendency to focus on immediately pressing problems-We ignore the problems our solutions will create.

Successful problem solving is so complex that there are no hard-and-fast rules that work all the time. The best take-away from the book (and this is my favorite quote): "An individual's reality model can be right or wrong, complete or incomplete. As a rule it will be both incomplete and wrong, and one would do well to keep that probability in mind." The book is 199 easy-to-read pages, and Dörner gives lots of interesting examples from lab tests illustrating people's actual behavior in problem-solving situations.

It's a thought-provoking book for anyone whose job is to tackle complex problems. In one way or another that includes anyone in just about any profession.

5-0 out of 5 stars Perfect for managers
In the Logic of Failure, Dietrich Dorner lays out the root causes of decision-making failures in a straightforward, easy-to-read, and even entertaining manner. Dorner covers the psychological and emotional failings that occur when individuals are faced with a myriad of complex systems. Anyone who has been bitten by the law of unintended consequences will see a bit of himself in the pages as Dorner helps one envision the inherent inadequacies that prevent people from predicting and preparing for what becomes painfully obvious in hindsight. Although a bit short on what to do in order to permanently correct the problems identified, simply bringing the pitfalls to light will go a long way to alleviate the problem. This is a must read for managers and strategic planners......perhaps even on an annual basis. ... Read more

159. Learning: A Survey of Psychological Interpretations (7th Edition)
by Winfred F. Hill
list price: $65.80
our price: $65.80
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Asin: 0321056760
Catlog: Book (2001-09-11)
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
Sales Rank: 431447
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160. The Myth of the A.D.D Child:50 Ways to Improve Your Child's Behavior and Attention Span Without Drugs, Labels, or Coercion
by Thomas Armstrong
list price: $15.00
our price: $10.20
(price subject to change: see help)
Asin: 0452275474
Catlog: Book (1997-09-01)
Publisher: Plume Books
Sales Rank: 4473
Average Customer Review: 4.08 out of 5 stars
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Reviews (12)

4-0 out of 5 stars Not for those who think medication is
...the answer. He has good reasons why we (parents of kids diagnosed as ADD) should really examine medication and other solutions. I am glad I bought this book.

Before heading right to the 50 Ways, Armstrong offers the reader five chapters filled with information, positive and negative, about ADD and medication, the whys and wherefores. He starts with reasons why he doesn't believe in A.D.D as a medical problem, treatable primarily by medication.

As he says in this review area, he is NOT saying ADD doesn't exist - he acknowledges that the problems we experience with our kids are real. What I believe he IS saying is that he doesn't believe the 'disease' diagnosed as A.D.D. is a medical problem only within the child, curable by medication.

He suggests that some of the problem may be cultural - we expect our children at the age of 6 to be able to sit quietly in a classroom setting - other cultures allow children more freedom, some offer less. Changes in our own "short attention span" culture may contribute to the A.D.D. behaviors, as do boring classroom set-ups, gender differences, different learning styles, parent-child dis-connections and so on.

He tells what is good, and not good about the pills - some of which may be the same as a placebo effect. When parents and teachers know the child is being medicated, they relax and that change of attitude has a positive effect on the child (I have seen this with my own child and his teachers).

He writes more about the negative effects of Ritalin (not Adderall) as perhaps stifling creativity and the dependency factor, although he is clear that there is no answer yet (however, both Ritalin and Adderall are controlled substances and many children do have negative 'withdrawal' effects). Despite his discussion on drugs, he says "Such drugs, used in the right way with the right individuals by responsible physicians, can significantly enhance the quality of life for many children." But he limits this to three situations - 1) several hyperactive children 2) children in the midst of a life-changing trauma (death in the family, for example) 3) a last resort.

After some 50 pages of this introduction, you get to the reason you bought the book - alternative solutions and they are good (whether or not your child is on medication). He starts with a checklist of things that may bother you about your child's behavior - each one checked off directs you to at least one chapter with possible solutions.

Examples include: Runny nose, itching, stomachache - go to Chapter 2 and look at the Feingold Diet, or Chapter 12 ideas to help alleviate what may be an allergy problem; play Nintendo for two or three hours at a time, go to Chapter 3 and consider limiting TV and video games or Chapter 36, giving your child access to a computer (he misses, on this one, his own Chapter #5, find out what really interests your child - the one I've found most effective - piano, riding lessons, reading, outside play with friends really are more appealing when encouraged by a parent!). Each of these chapters has information, which many of us have already read - but he also provides resources at the end of the chapter which I am finding helpful. And let me once again point out, he has 50 (5-0!) ideas neatly arranged in one book - I especially like that you can look at the list of your child's particular problems and go right to the chapter, rather than trying to read all the way through, cover to cover.

For those who believe that medication is a strong, necessary and large part of the solution, or for those who do not have the time, money or emotional resources to examine the "whys" of ADD, the first part of the book more of an annoyance than a help.

If so, I'd still encourage people to read this book, pages 61 - 257.

5-0 out of 5 stars Absolute must-read for all parents, the best I have read
As the parent of a child labeled ADHD and as someone who has spent the last 18 months researching this condition, I found this book to be the best I have come across yet. Unlike the first review listed here, I did not get the impression that this book blames bad parenting for the condition. It is touched upon early in the book as a probable cause of some of the behaviours, but it is definitely not what this whole book is about. Thomas Armstrong give us several very workable strategies that are more compatible with different learning styles. He does not swing too far to the left or right, but rather encourages us to stand back and use reason and understanding and not to be caught up in the opinions of the closed-minded disorder model. He does not totally condemn nor does he fully endorse the use of medication, again he shows us how to use reason to determine if and when medication should be used. Not only do his strategies work for these "labeled" children, but many of them are excellent strategies that we all could make use and would be of benefit to even "normal" children. I would highly recommend this book to all parents of children who have been saddled with the label of ADD/ADHD. This book should be mandatory reading for all teachers. It should be part of the program during teachers college.

5-0 out of 5 stars Not the right title
Alright, let me start with this. I have NOT read this book, but I'm going to put in my 2 cents on the subject, so if you are planning on giving me a "This review was not helpful" then do it right now.

By the 2nd word in the title, I can already tell you that this book is severely misdirected. I PERSONALLY have the DISORDER A.D.D. This means that no matter how hard I try, I literally do not have the ability to concentrate on anything for more than a short time. No, I am not some kid who doesn't pay attention in math so he gets bad grades. I am a 16 year old who for most of his life could pay attention to practically nothing for more than a period of 5 minutes or so TOPS. I am not talking about some lecture at school, I am talking about things like conversations with friends and watching ACTION MOVIES.

Don't get me wrong, I definately realize that 95% of the people who are treated with drugs for this really don't need it and that something else is the problem, but I'm saying that generalizing all of the A.D.D. diagnosed people as slackers or people who need "Alternate learning teqniques" is flat out wrong. I have been to at least 10 different counselors and therapists who have tried to "solve" the problem, but they could do nothing. I find it insulting that so many people decide to ignore the fact that this is a true problem, and not just a "myth". The proper title for this book should be "50 ways to improve the attention span of your child who is bored by etimology and advanced placement chemistry".

Adderall has turned my life around from the massive jumble of confusion that it was. If it wasn't for medical treatment, I would still be in that pointless mess because I was born with neural pathways in my brain do not properly connect. If it wasn't for adderall, I never would have been able to even write this. If you think that is bs, then go ahead and give your vote against this review.

By the way, I gave this book 5 stars because I'm sure that whatever methods are in there are most likely very effective for the children who are diagnosed for A.D.D. but aren't actually the ones who have it.

4-0 out of 5 stars Overview of holistic, non-invasive approaches to ADD/ADHD
This book provides brief overviews and introductions to a variety of approaches to handling ADD/ADHD symptoms and their sources. This ranges from healthy parenting and educational strategies to healthy diet and alternative medicine approaches. The book avoids overtly criticizing the pharmaceutical paradigm or some common disciplinary approaches, and does not go into much depth about many of the interventions it examines. However, this is a good introductory book for those who are looking for ways to deal with their child's difficulties and don't want to drug their kids into temporary submission or use unhealthy threats, intimidation, or corporal punishments to control behaviors. I have a self-published text that addresses this topic to some extent, going into more depth in some areas and more thoroughly examining the hazards and illogic of common approaches to ADD/ADHD.

1-0 out of 5 stars Terrible - .000001 star!
This book is a waste of time. ADD is real. I have it. Try living in my world for a day. Anyone who has been diagnosed with the disorder can testify to it's existance. Those who have been on medications can testify to it's reality. For any intelligent people here that understand scientific papers: read
"A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of SLI381 (adderall XR) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder"

American Academy of Pediatrics; Evanston; Aug 2002; Joseph Biederman; Frank A Lopez; Samuel W Boellner; Mark C Chandler; Volume 110; Issue 2; Start Page 258-266; ISSN: 00314005

If the scientific process itself can't prove to you that ADHD/ADD can be treated with medication, nothing will.

I'm sorry to all you conspiracy theorists, but ADD/ADHD is no myth, conspiracy, lie, etc. It's real.

This book is nothing more than a fiction for conspiracy lovers.
It's flat out wrong.

-Crazy ADD Guy-

... ... Read more

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